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Data journalist Niall McCarthy has created an infographic which explores the current state of eBooks
Charted by Statista, McCarthy shared the infographic in a post on Forbes.Check it out: “Today, 23 percent of all male adults and 33 percent of all female adults in the United States read e-books. In fact, the global e-book industry is worth a whopping $8.5 billion.”
We’ve embedded the entire graphic after the jump for you to explore further. (more…)
Poetry and I have never been friends. Although I love to read it and listen to it, writing it is has always been a whole other beast. That said, I decided today, I would seize the day, and take on that beast. Good, bad, or indifferent, it felt great to write it and take a stab at something new.
See You Later, Frustration!
Frustration, Frustration go away
I don’t want to feel you in my body today.
You make my stomach hurt and I feel tight in my chest
Some days it is hard to take you and I need a rest.
My mom says taking deep breaths is the best thing to do
And I try to do that, but frustration, you are making me feel so blue.
My dad tries to tickle it out of me and sometimes that works,
But this time it is not going away, and I still feel it lurks.
Suddenly, my dog licks my foot, and I feel a twinge better
I finally feel able to get dressed and put on my sweater.
My bird on its perch tweets to me a hello
And I take a deep-down belly breath and let that frustration finally go.
Frustration you are not going to get the best of me today
The breath, the tickle, lick and tweet will help me get through this day.
Has Hogwarts School of Witchcraft & Wizardry ever admitted a Jewish student? Yesterday, J.K. Rowling confirmed that the answer is “yes.”
In response to a fan’s message on Twitter, the Harry Potter series author revealed that a Jewish wizard named Anthony Goldstein belonged to Ravenclaw house. We’ve embedded the tweets above—what do you think?
Chronicle Books has sent out its fifth annual holiday video. The holiday greeting was created by the publisher in-house. For this year’s video, they built the Little Free Library. It will be given away during National Library Week next year.
Meet Ola Volo, a Canadian illustrator from Kazakhstan with a love of nature and folklore. Ola’s illustrations are a complex, whimsical merger of animals, people, history and nature, executed in traditional and digital mediums. As well as doing commissions for a range of international clients, Ola also tries to find time to do gallery artwork, book projects and murals.
See more of Ola Volo’s work at here.
ALSC Personal Members are invited to suggest titles for the 2015 Batchelder Award given to an American publisher for a children’s book considered to be the most outstanding of those books originally published in a foreign language in a foreign country and subsequently published in English in the United States during 2014. Please remember that only books from this publishing year are under consideration for the 2015 award. Publishers, authors and illustrators may not suggest their own books. The deadline for submission is December 31, 2014.
The award will be announced at the press conference during the ALA Midwinter Meeting in February 2015.
For more information about the award, visit the ALSC website at http://www.ala.org/alsc/. Click on “Awards and Grants” in the left-hand navigation bar; then click on “ALSC Book & Media Awards.” Scroll down to the “Batchelder Award Page”.
Craig Ferguson will be leaving The Late, Late Show on December 19th. In honor of Ferguson’s departure, Larry King read a “farewell poem” during his appearance. The video embedded above features King’s full performance—what do you think?
In the film A Christmas Story, Ralphie desperately wants “an official Red Ryder, carbine action, 200 shot range model air rifle.” His mom resists because she reckons it will damage his well-being. (“You’ll shoot your eye out!”) In the end, though, Ralphie gets the air rifle and deems it “the greatest Christmas gift I ever received, or would ever receive.”
This Christmas, why not give your friends and family the gift of well-being? Even removing an air rifle and the possibility of eye injury from the mix, that’s easier said than done.
Well-being is tough to pin down. It takes many forms. A college student, a middle-aged parent, and a spritely octogenarian might all lead very different lives and still have well-being. What’s more, you can’t wrap up well-being and tuck it under the tree. All you can do is give gifts that promote it. But what kind of gift promotes well-being?
One that establishes or strengthens the positive grooves that make up a good life. You have well-being when you’re stuck in a “positive groove” of:
emotions (e.g., pleasure, contentment),
attitudes (e.g., optimism, openness to new experiences),
traits (e.g., extraversion, perseverance), and
success (e.g., strong relationships, professional accomplishment, fulfilling projects, good health).
Your life is going well for you when you’re entangled in a success-breeds-success cycle comprised of states you find (mostly) valuable and pleasant.
Some gifts do this by producing what psychologists call flow. They immerse you in an activity you find rewarding. Flow gifts are easy to spot. They’re the ones, like Ralphie’s air rifle, that occupy you all day.
A flow gift promotes well-being by snaring you into a pleasure-mastery-success loop. A flow gift turns you inward, toward a specific activity and away from the rest of the world. It involves an activity that’s fun, that you get better at with practice, and that rewards you with success, even if that “success” is winning a video game car race.
Flow is important to a good life. It feels good, and it fosters excellence. It’s the difference between the piano-playing wiz and the kid (like me) who fizzled out. But there’s more to well-being than flow and excellence.
A bonding gift turns you outward, toward other people. A bonding gift shows how someone thinks and feels about you. In O. Henry’s short story The Gift of the Magi, a young couple, Jim and Della, sacrifice their “greatest treasures” to buy each other Christmas gifts. Della sells her luxurious long hair to buy a chain for Jim’s gold watch. And Jim sells his gold watch to buy the beautiful set of combs Della yearned for.
Bonding gifts change people’s relationships. The chain and the combs strengthen and deepen Jim and Della’s love, affection and commitment. This is why “of all who give gifts these two were the wisest.”
The bonds of love and friendship are not just emotional. They’re causal. We’re tangled up with the people we care about in self-sustaining cycles of positive feelings, attitudes, traits and accomplishments. Good relationships are shared, interpersonal positive grooves. This is why they make us better and happier people. Bonding gifts strengthen the positive groove you share with a person you care about.
You’re probably wondering whether you can find something that’s an effective bonding and flow gift. I must admit, I’ve never managed it. A tandem bike? Alas, no. Perhaps you can do better.
So this holiday season, why not give “groovy” gifts – gifts that “keep on giving” by ensnaring your loved ones in cascading cycles of pleasure and value.
Image credit: Stockphotography wrapping paper via Hubspot.
#bookaday: ALONG A LONG ROAD by fellow Canadian Frank Viva (Little, Brown). Love the simple palette and gorgeous retro-style art as well as the glossy yellow road (you can't help but want to touch the pages) that runs throughout.
After months of traveling around India talking to all sorts of people, including rape victims, about sexual violence, Devineni decided to create Priya. Shunned by her family and village after she is raped, she takes refuge in the jungle and is stalked by a tiger. Parvati, a Hindu goddess, comes to her aid and grants her special powers that include fearlessness and a magical mantra that she uses to change people’s minds.
Recently I was talking to a younger colleague, a recent PhD, about what we and our peers read for pleasure. He noted that the only fiction that most of his friends read is young adult fiction: The Hunger Games, Twilight, that kind of thing. Although the subject matter of these series is often dark, the appeal, hypothesized my colleague, lies elsewhere: in the reassuringly formulaic and predictable narrative arc of the plots. If his friends have a taste for something genuinely edgy, he went on, then they’ll read non-fiction instead.
When did we develop this idea that fiction, to be enjoyable, must be comforting nursery food? I’d argue that it’s not only in our recreational reading but also, increasingly, in the classroom, that we shun what seems too chewy or bitter, or, rather; we tolerate bitterness only if it comes in a familiar form, like an over-cooked Brussels sprout. And yet, in protecting ourselves from anticipated frictions and discomforts, we also deprive ourselves of one of fiction’s richest rewards.
One of the ideas my research explores is the belief, in the eighteenth-century, that fiction commands attention by soliciting wonder. Wonder might sound like a nice, calm, placid emotion, but that was not how eighteenth-century century thinkers conceived it. In an essay published in 1795 but probably written in the 1750s, Adam Smith describes wonder as a sentiment induced by a novel object, a sentiment that may be recognized by the wonderstruck subject’s “staring, and sometimes that rolling of the eyes, that suspension of the breath, and that swelling of the heart” (‘The Principles Which Lead and Direct Philosophical Enquiries’). And that was just the beginning. As Smith describes:
“when the object is unexpected; the passion is then poured in all at once upon the heart which is thrown, if it is a strong passion, into the most violent and convulsive emotions, such as sometimes cause immediate death; sometimes, by the suddenness of the extacy, so entirely disjoint the whole frame of the imagination, that it never after returns to its former tone and composure, but falls either into a frenzy or habitual lunacy.” (‘The Principles Which Lead and Direct Philosophical Enquiries’)
It doesn’t sound very comfortable, does it? Eighteenth-century novels risked provoking such extreme reactions in their tales of people in extremis; cast out; marooned; kidnapped. Such tales were not gory, necessarily, in the manner of The Hunger Games, and the response they invited was not necessarily horror or terror. More radically, in shape and form as well as content, eighteenth-century writers related stories that were strange, unpredictable, unsettling, and, as such, productive of wonder. Why risk discomforting your reader so profoundly? Because, Henry Home, Lord Kames argued in his Elements of Criticism (1762), wonder also fixes the attention: in convulsing the reader, you also impress a representation deeply upon her mind.
One of the works I find particularly interesting to think about in relation to this idea of wonder is Mary Shelley’s 1818 novel Frankenstein. Frankenstein is a deeply pleasurable book to read, but I wouldn’t describe it as comfortable. Perhaps I felt this more acutely than some when I first read it, as a first year undergraduate. The year before I had witnessed my father experience a fatal heart attack. Ever since then, any description or representation that evoked the body’s motion in defibrillation would viscerally call up the memory of that night. One description that falls under that heading is the climactic moment in Shelley’s novel in which Victor Frankenstein brings his creature to life: “I saw the dull yellow eye of the creature open; it breathed hard, and a convulsive motion agitated its limbs.” If the unexpected, in Smith’s account, triggers convulsive motions, then it seems fitting that a newly created being’s experience of its own first breath would indeed be felt as a moment of wonder.
When I was a nineteen year-old reading Frankenstein, there was no discussion about the desirability of providing “trigger warnings” when teaching particular texts; and even if there had been, it seems unlikely that this particular text would have been flagged as potentially traumatic (a fact that speaks to the inherent difficulty of labeling certain texts as more likely to serve as triggers than others, given the variety of people’s experience). I found reading Shelley’s novel to be a deeply, uncomfortably, wonder-provoking experience, in Smith’s terms, but it did not, clearly, result in my “immediate death.” What it did produce, rather, was a deep and lasting impression. Indeed, perhaps that is why, more than twenty years later, I felt compelled to revisit this novel in my research, and why I found myself taking seriously Percy Shelley’s characterization of the experience of reading Frankenstein as one in which we feel our “heart suspend its pulsations with wonder” at its content, even as we “debate with ourselves in wonder,” as to how the work was produced. High affect can be all consuming, but we may also revisit and observe, in more serene moments, the workings of the mechanisms which wring such high affect from us.
In Minneapolis for a conference a few weeks ago, I mentioned to my panel’s chair that I had run around Lake Calhoun. He asked if I had stopped at the Bakken Museum (I had not), which is on the lake’s west shore. He proceeded to explain that it was a museum about Earl Bakken, developer of the pacemaker, whose invention was supposedly inspired by seeing the Boris Karloff 1931 film of Frankenstein, and in particular the scene in which the creature is brought to life with the convulsive electric charge.
As Bakken’s experience suggests, the images that disturb us can also inspire us. Mary Shelley affirms as much in her Introduction to the 1831 edition of the novel, which suggests that the novel had its source in a nightmarish reverie. Shelley assumes that Frankenstein’s power depends upon the reproducible nature of her affect: “What terrified me will terrify others,” she predicts. Haunting images, whether conjured by fantasies, novels, or films, can be generative, although certainly not always in such direct and instrumental ways. Most of us won’t develop a life-saving piece of technology, like Earl Bakken (my father, in fact, had a pacemaker, and, although it didn’t save his life, it did prolong it) or write an iconic novel, like Mary Shelley. But that is not to say that the impressions that fiction can etch into our minds are not generative. If comfort has its place and its pleasures, so too does discomfort: experiencing “bad feelings” enables us to notice, in our re-tracings of them, the unexpected connections that emerge between profoundly different experiences—death; life; reading—all of them heart-stopping in their own ways.
Are you looking for a last-minute gift to give to your friends who love reading? Print out a bunch of these bookplates on pretty paper. Then trim them to size, tie them up with a ribbon, and you’re done! Your friends can stick them in all their favorite books. You can print some for yourself, too!
Quick note: If you’re searching for a gift for a writer friend or family member, consider giving the gift of a subscription to Writer’s Digest magazine. Click here for details.
For today’s prompt, write a high poem. Now, I know the word “high” is a loaded one–so take it where you may. There are high temperatures, high heights, and other meanings related to high. You can even transform high into the greeting “hi,” which then leads down a whole new rabbit hole.
Ignite Your Creativity!
Jump start your creativity with four books, two tutorials, and a digital download–all discounted by 82%!
The whole collection runs $134.93 separately and is currently offered at only $24.49. Great gift–for yourself and/or others!
balancing is the same at 3 inches
as it is at 3 feet or 3 stories. the trick
is thinking 3 stories is 3 inches.
when i let myself, i’m still scared
of the dark. a corner conceals
a burglar or poltergeist. nothing’s
different, but i let my mind wander.
falling from 3 stories is much
different than falling from 3 inches,
but balancing is the same.
Robert Lee Brewer is Senior Content Editor of the Writer’s Digest Writing Community and author of the poetry collection, Solving the World’s Problems (Press 53). He edits Poet’s Market, Writer’s Market, and Guide to Self-Publishing, in addition to writing a free weekly WritersMarket.com newsletter and poetry column for Writer’s Digest magazine.
He is not a fan of heights or the dark, though both are fine for other folks. That said, he does like to write late at night and on airplanes–maybe to channel the anxiety?
Trinity University Press has acquired the assets of Maverick Publishing Company, an imprint dedicated to publishing books about the Southwest.
Beginning next year, Trinity will launch a new imprint called Maverick Books. The line will include more than 40 backlist titles from the Maverick collection and will publish new titles dedicated to the history and culture of Texas and the American Southwest. Lewis F. Fisher, the founder of Maverick will work with Trinity University Press as an editorial advisor, which will include acquiring and writing books for the imprint.
“Trinity University Press has enjoyed significant growth and success nationally and internationally during its first ten-plus years of publishing,” says Thomas Payton, associate director of Trinity University Press. “Core to our mission is a commitment to explore the history and culture of Texas and its peoples, as well as the Southwest more broadly. The Maverick acquisition helps to deepen our catalog of available print and ebook titles.”
My first novel, Like Water on Stone, just came out (Delacorte, Nov. 2014). Of course, I’m smiling. The cover and interior of the book are beautifully produced. I’ve poured my soul into it.
“What’s it about?” people ask me.
When I tell them, “It’s the story of three siblings who survive the Armenian genocide of 1915 with the help of the guardian spirit of an eagle,” I’ve learned that I better get my smile under control.
Genocide and smiles do not go together.
And yet I know that “smile-worthy” hope and the power of the imagination fill this story, even as it minces no words about the violence. The three young siblings not only survive, but they survive intact, because their imaginations protect them. Ardziv, the eagle, embodies imagination. Just as he protects the young ones as they journey, he protects the readers.
Ardziv also protected me as I wrote this story.
Like Water on Stone, grew out of one the very few things my mother told me about her own mother’s life: “After her parents were killed, she and her younger brother and sister hid during the day and ran at night from their home in Palu to the orphanage in Aleppo.”
I was in elementary school when I learned this, and it took me decades to fill in the flesh around those bare bones. I knew this story had to be told, especially in the face of global politics that allow for continued denial of this first genocide of the 20th century. But I knew it had to be told in a way that would pull readers along, instead of punishing them.
The story flowed out in lyrical free verse instead of prose, the abundant white space providing safety for the reader, just as Ardziv does. The crumbling Ottoman Empire, whose leaders orchestrated the genocide, is distant in time, space, and experience for readers. Free verse evokes the feeling of foods, music, dances, and ritual from another land. Because it works through metaphor and magic, free verse also shows all that was physically lost, and how it persists in the imaginations of survivors.
Keeping my Armenian identity hidden, I had traveled to my grandparents’ homeland the summer of 1984. With the hospitality characteristic of the region, I was welcomed into people’s homes and fed foods I had known my whole life. In Palu, I asked locals if they knew of any mills—my great grandfather had been a miller. I was sent across the eastern branch of the Euphrates River on a modern bridge next to a crumbling one built of stone, and into the woods when I found a mill, set along the banks of a stream. On the rooftop the woman of the house served me tea, a half dozen children watching us, mounds of apricots drying in the sun.
Palu Mill Wheel
When I asked about the mill’s history she told me that it had been in her family for sixty years, but before that it had belonged to Armenians. Joy and pain converged as I thought this could perhaps have been my family’s home.
Psychologist Paul Ekman—who has spent a lifetime analyzing the connection between emotion and facial expression— shows us that when we remember the death of a loved one, our faces reflect a blend of strong sadness, moderate anger and moderate joy.
When a book touches me, it passes the “tear test”-- bringing tears to my eyes not because of sadness but because of connection.
We write to connect. We read to connect. Connecting is complicated. Our faces reflect that.
This human capacity for hope, magical thinking, and imagination in the face of the deepest pain, builds a bridge from the dark places to joy. We know this complexity and connection in the marrow of our bones, that place where our bodies make our blood and keep us flowing.
The world recently learned that the Islamic State in Iraq (ISIS) has resurrected a biological weapon from the second century. Scorpion bombs are being lobbed into towns and villages to terrorize the inhabitants. As the story goes, this tactic was used almost 2,000 years ago against the desert stronghold of Hatra which was once a powerful, walled city 50 miles southwest of Mosul. But this historical interpretation might be just a bit too quick.
What we know from the writings of Herodian, who documented the ancient attacks by Hatrians on Roman invaders, is that the people crafted earthenware bombs loaded with “insects.” The favored hypothesis is that these devices were loaded with scorpions. And it’s true that these creatures (although not insects) were abundant in the desert. In fact, Persian kings offered bounties for these stinging arthropods to ensure the safe and pain-free passage of lucrative caravans through the region. But the local abundance of scorpions is not sufficient to draw a conclusion.
Scorpions tend toward cannibalism, so packing a bunch of these creatures into canisters for any period of time would have been (and presumably still is) a problem. According to an ancient writer, powdered monkshood could be used to sedate scorpions, although at high doses this plant extract is insecticidal (how ISIS solves this problem is not evident). But there’s another problem with the scorpion hypothesis.
A Syrian account of the siege of Hatra specified that the residents used “poisonous flying insects” to repulse the Romans. But, of course, scorpions don’t fly. One possibility is that the natural historians of yore were thinking of the scorpionfly (a flying insect in which the male genitalia curl over the back and resemble a scorpion’s tail), but these are small creatures are found in damp habitats, not deserts. Another possibility is that ancient reports of scorpions becoming airborne during high winds account for flying scorpions, although such a remarkable phenomenon hasn’t been reported by modern biologists. Finally, some scholars speculate that the clay bombshells were filled with assassin bugs, which can fly and deliver extremely painful bites.
In the end, it seems likely that the Hatrian defenders and the ISIS militants latched onto the opportunities presented by the local arthropod fauna. But why would scorpions be so terrifying then or now? These creatures deliver a painful sting to be sure, but they are only rarely deadly. The responses of the Roman invaders and the Iranian townsfolk seem disproportionate to the consequences of being stung.
To understand why panic ensues when insects (or scorpions) rain down on a village, we must appreciate the evolutionary and cultural relationships between these creatures and the human mind. Our fear of insects and their relatives is rooted in six qualities of these little beasts—and scorpions score well.
First, our reaction arises from the capacity of these creatures to invade our homes and bodies. Scorpions, with their nocturnal activity and flattened bodies, are adept at slipping under doorsills and hiding in our shoes, closets, and furniture.
Second, insects and their kin have the ability to evade us through quick, unpredictable movements. While scorpions might not skitter with the panache of cockroaches, they are still reasonably nimble.
Third, many insects undergo rapid population growth and reach staggeringly large numbers which threaten our sense of individuality. While scorpions are not particulary prolific, having them scatter from exploding canisters (as described in the modern attacks), surely generates a sense of frightening abundance.
Fourth, various arthropods can harm us both directly (biting and stinging) and indirectly (transmitting disease and destroying our property). Scorpions certainly qualify in the former sense, as they are well-prepared to deliver a dose of venom that elicits intense pain, sometimes accompanied by a slowed pulse, irregular breathing, convulsions—and occasionally, death.
Fifth, insects and their relatives instill a disturbing sense of otherness with their alien bodies. Scorpions are hideously animalistic, even rather monstrous being like a demonic blending of a crab, spider, and a viper in terms of their form and function.
Sixth, these creatures defy our will and control through a kind of depraved mindlessness or radical autonomy. Scorpions can appear to be like tiny robots, with their jointed bodies and legs taking them into the world without regard to fear or decency.
Perhaps it is in this last sense that scorpions most resemble the ISIS assailants. Both seem to be predators, unconstrained by ethical constraints, maniacally and unreflectively seeking to satisfy their own bestial desires. Of course, we ought not to dehumanize our enemy—no matter how brutal his actions—by equating him with insects or their kin. (This rhetorical move has been made throughout history to justify horrible treatment of other people.) But perhaps this sense of amorality accounts for our fear of both ISIS and their unwitting, arthropod conscripts.
One of the dialogues in Jonathan Swift’s work titled A complete Collection of Genteel and Ingenious Conversation (1738) runs as follows:
Neverout: Why, Miss, you are in a brown study, what’s the matter? Methinks you look like mumchance, that was hanged for saying nothing.
Miss: I’d have you know, I scorn your words.
Neverout: Well, but scornful dogs will eat dirty puddings.
Miss: My comfort is, your tongue is no slander. What! you would not have one be always on the high grin?
Neverout: Cry, Mapsticks, Madam; no Offence, I hope.
This is a delightfully polite conversation and a treasure house of idioms. To be in a brown study occupies a place of honor in my database of proverbial sayings (see a recent post on it). I am also familiar with scornful dogs will eat dirty puddings, but high grin made me think only of the high beam (and just for the record: mumchance is an old game of dice or “a dull silent person”). But what was Neverout trying to say at the end of the genteel exchange (see the italicized phrase)?
The first correspondent to Notes and Queries who wrote on the subject—and the problem was being thrashed out in the pages of Notes and Queries—suggested that it means “I ask pardon, I apologize for what I have said” (4 October 1856). Two weeks later, it was pointed out that mapsticks is a variant of mop-sticks, but no explanation followed this gloss. When fourteen years, rather than fourteen days, passed, someone sent another query to the same journal (8 May 1880), which ran as follows: “Like death on a mop-stick. How did this saying originate? I have heard it used by an old lady to describe her appearance on recovery from a long illness.” Joseph Wright did not miss the phrase and included it in his English Dialect Dictionary. His gloss was “to look very miserable.” Although the letter writer who used the pseudonym Mervarid and asked the question did not indicate where she lived, Wright located the saying in Warwickshire (the West Midlands). We will try to decipher the idiom and find out whether there is any connection between it and Swift’s mapsticks ~ mopsticks.
As could be expected, the OED has an entry on mopstick. The first citation is dated 1710 (from Swift!). In it the hyphenated mop-sticks means exactly what it should (a stick for a mop). The next one is from GenteelConversation. Swift’s use of the word in 1738 received this comment: “Prob[ably] a humorous alteration of ‘I cry your mercy’.” This repeats the 1856 suggestion. After the Second World War, a four-volume supplement to the OED was published. The updated version of the entry contains references to the dialectal use of mopstick, a synonym for “leap-frog,” and includes such words pertaining to the game as Jack upon themopstick and Johnny on the mopstick (the mopstick is evidently the player over whose back the other player is jumping), along with a single 1886 example of mopstick “idiot” (slang). The supplement did not discuss the derivation of the words included in the first edition. By contrast, the OED online pays great attention to etymology; yet mopstick has not been revised. I assume that no new information on its origin has come to light. In 1915 mopstick was used for “one who loafs around a cheap or barrel house and cleans the place for drinks” (US). This is a rather transparent metaphor. Mop would have been easier to understand than mopstick, but mopstick “idiot” makes it clear that despised people could always be called this. Johnny on the mopstick also refers to the inferior status of the player bending down. The numerous annotated editions of Swift’s works contain no new hypotheses; at most, they quote the OED.
I cannot explain the sentence in Genteel Conversation, but a few ideas occurred to me while I was reading the entries in the dictionaries. To begin with, I agree that Swift’s mapsticks is a variant of mopsticks, though it would be good to understand why Swift, who had acquired such a strong liking for mopsticks and first used the form with an o, chose a less obvious dialectal variant with an a. Second, I notice that the 1738 text has a comma between cry and mapsticks (Cry, Map-sticks, Madam…). Nearly all later editions probably take this comma for a misprint and therefore expunge it. Once the strange punctuation disappears, we begin to worry about the idiom crymopsticks. However, there is no certainty that it ever existed, the more so because the sentence in the text does not end with an exclamation mark. Third, mopstick, for which we have no written evidence before 1710, is current in children’s regional names of leapfrog, and this is a sure sign of its antiquity (games tend to preserve local and archaic words for centuries). A mopstick is not a particularly interesting object, yet in 1886 it turned up with the sense “idiot” in a dictionary of dialectal slang. Finally, to return to the question asked above, to look like death on a mopstick means “to look miserable,” and we have to decide whether it sheds light on Swift’s usage or whether Swift’s usage tells us something about the idiom.
I think Swift’s bizarre predilection for mopsticks goes back to the early years of the eighteenth century. In 1701 he wrote a parody called A Meditation upon a Broomstick (the manuscript was stolen, and an authorized edition could be brought out only in 1711). It seems that after Swift embarked on his “meditation” and the restitution of the manuscript broomsticks never stopped troubling him. At some time, he may have learned either the word mopstick “idiot” (perhaps in its dialectal form mapstick) and substituted mopstick ~ mapstick for broomstick; a broomstick became to him a symbol of human stupidity. To be sure, mopstick “idiot” surfaced only in 1886, but such words are often recorded late and more or less by chance, in glossaries and in “low literature.”
Swift hated contemporary slang. The last sentence in the quotation given above (Cry, mapsticks, Madam; no offence, I hope) seems to mean “I cry—d–n my foolishness!—Madam…”). The form mapsticks is reminiscent of fiddlesticks, another plural and also an exclamation. The dialectal (rustic) variant with a different vowel (map for mop) could have been meant as an additional insult. If I am right, the comma after cry remains, while the idiom crymapsticks, along with its reference to cry mercy, joins many other ingenious but unprovable conjectures.
The phrase to look like death on a mopstick has, I believe, nothing to do with Swift’s usage. In some areas, mopstick probably served as a synonym of broomstick, and broomsticks are indelibly connected in our mind with witches and all kinds of horrors. Here a passage from still another letter to Notes andQueries deserves our attention.
“Fifty years ago [that is, in 1830] I recollect an amusement of our boyish days was scooping out a turnip, cutting three holes for eyes and mouth, and putting a lighted candle-end inside from behind. A stake or old mop-stick was then pointed with a knife and stuck into the bottom of the turnip, and a death’s head [hear! hear!] with eyes of fire was complete. Sometimes a stick was tied across it, to make it ghostly and ghastly….”
Those who have observed decorations at Halloween will feel quite at home. The recovering lady looked like death on a mopstick, and we now understand exactly what she meant. In 1880 the letter writer (Mr. Gibbes Rigaud) resided in Oxford. Oxfordshire is next door to Warwickshire, and of course we do not know where our “heroes” spent their childhood.
Oh, it’s a big one. A big honking preview, this is. Yes indeed, folks, Harper Collins is in town and they’ve a mess of good looking books just aching to arrive on your shelves. Now the last time I attending a preview for HC I was massively pregnant with back pain to match. This time around, in comparison, I was positively lithe, leaping from table to table as the editors showed us their pretty baubles. Here then is an encapsulation of some of the goodies that will be hitting shelves nationwide fairly soon. To wit:
At these librarian previews we the MLIS degree holders move from table to table, where each imprint gets its own say. With Table One we began with Greenwillow and a season that’s going to feel a little distant to us for a while:
Finding Spring by Carin Berger (97800622510193)
Cute, right? In this story a bear is searching for spring. So what does he find instead? Snow. Lots of it. Done in Berger’s customary collage style, this is one artistic little book that rewards close reading. Note, for example, that the snowflakes and flowers see in these pages are held in place by tiny pins. Sort of gives the whole book a three-dimensional feel. Gorgeous.
I actually already talked a bit about this one back during the last Harper Collins preview, but I like it so very much that I’ll mention it again. To wit, snarky faceless crayons populate a book where a blue crayon is mislabeled as red. A pencil tells the tale (as you might imagine). I’m already imagining a LOT of applications for this as a gift book. It sells itself.
Touch the Brightest Star by Christie Matheson (9780062274472)
Since the popularity of Press Here by Herve Tullet, a load of different interactive picture books have swamped the market. The best of these do more than simply tout their interactive elements, though. And those that have a purpose above and beyond the directives aimed at child readers tend to be worth seeking out. In Matheson’s latest, kids are encouraged to embrace the dark rather than fear it. Touch the firefly and watch it glow on the next page. That sort of thing. It’s interactive bedtime fare and even includes some night sky info as well. Matheson first started these series of sorts with Tap the Magic Tree. The plans for the third book in the works? Planting a seed. Awwww, yeah.
Backyard Witch: Sadie’s Story by Christine Heppermann, ill. Deborah Marcero (9780062338389)
That’s clever. They were pitching this early chapter title as something to hand to the Ivy & Bean lovers of the world. Of course it has magic in it, but that’s okay. If author Christine Heppermann’s name sounds familiar that may be because she was recently responsible for the very YA Poisoned Apples this year. Switching gears a tad, she is now coming out with a story of Sadie. When her two best friends go on vacation without her, she’s none too pleased. A trip to her play house leads to the discovery of a Mrs. Piggle-Wiggle type witch. She’s asked to help find the witch’s friends. One is a bird (a yellow warbler) who was turned avian by mistake. And since I’m always desperate for early readers, I’m excited to give this one a go.
Blackbird Fly by Erin Entrada Kelly (9780062238610)
Oo. This one sounds exciting. Written by an author who was born in the Philippines and moved to Louisiana, the book features a Filipino girl dealing with growing up. The girls at school are no longer nice and her mom runs her home as if she’s still in the Philippines. She would prefer to learn the guitar and emulate her favorite artist – George Harrison. Sounds good.
Anyone but Ivy Pocket by Caleb Krisp (9780062364340)
Note, if you will, the tiny skulls on the cover. From what I could gather then it was a kind of Amelia Bedelia by way of Downton Abbey in a Tim Burton-like book with a Lemony Snicketesque plot. Got that? In this story the titular Ivy must deliver a diamond to a girl on her birthday.
Waiting by Kevin Henkes (9780062368430)
I have excellent news. I’ve seen the Caldecott winner of 2016. You see? I just saved you an entire year’s work. Slap your hands together, folks, because your work is done. Yes, Kevin Henkes has a new picture book coming out and it is absolutely fascinating. The toys on the cover are, you see, waiting. Based on Kevin’s kids’ own toys, the story takes place at a single setting: the window. And you would be amazed how much drama can be derived from such a location. Beautiful beautiful beautiful . . . and not out until September 2015. Sorry, guys.
The Doldrums by Nicholas Gannon (9780062320940)
What you’re seeing here isn’t the cover so much as an example of some of the full-color art found in this title. Three kids (Archer, Adelaide, and Oliver) are waiting for an adventure. Their intent? To find Archer’s grandparents, last seen on an iceberg. Add in a pinch of a Hitchcockian flavor and maybe a little Wes Anderson and you’ve got yourself a fascinating little number.
Ding! Moving on.
Bunnies by Kevan Atteberry (9780062307835)
I’m always on the lookout for that rarest of rare beasts: The very young readaloud picture book. And in this story you will find precisely that. Not too dissimilar from Bob Shea’s 2014 title Don’t Play With Your Food, the story centers on a monster with a serious bunny obsession. They appear. They disappear. They don’t seem to care that all he wants in the whole entire world is just to see them. Awww.
Teddy Mars Book #1: Almost a World Record Breaker by Molly B. Burnham, ill. Trevor Spencer (9780062278104)
Teacher debut alert! There are many things I could tell you about this book, but I think I’m just going to leave you will the first line (which may be slightly paraphrased, so forgive me if it’s not 100% accurate): “The day my brother crawled into the catbox I knew my life would never be the same.”
What This Story Needs Is a Pig in a Wig by Emma J. Virjan (9780062327246)
I’m also always on the lookout for picture books with very simple texts. When the Geisel Award goes to picture books, I stand up and cheer. Seems to me that this book, described as containing a text, “where every single word is important,” fits the bill. The plot is simple. There is a pig. Too many animals jump into her boat. Hijinks ensue.
Stick Dog Dreams of Ice Cream by Tom Watson (9780062278074)
Were you aware that Stick Dog started as an app? Not I, said the fly. Now on his third book, the eternally hungry hero continues to lure in readers not yet ready for Wimpy Kid, looking for something with slightly more text than Bad Kitty. And the good news? Stick Cat is on the horizon. Woohoo!
Little Miss, Big Sis by Amy Krouse Rosenthal, ill. Peter H. Reynolds (9780062302038)
Last seen in the book Plant a Kiss, two siblings return to the picture book stage. Clever in its simplicity (and how has no one ever thought to write a title like this one before?) the book contains a young but very funny text. And since funny is at a premium these days, this is a book I’ll be looking to read.
Lazy Dave by Peter Jarvis (9780062355980)
One namer children’s authors are not unheard of (Avi, anyone?). And like all one namers, Jarvis actually has two. His name is Peter Jarvis and in 2015 he’ll be debuting with a story of a girl an her dog. The girl in question loves the dog but is perturbed by the fact that he’s so ding dang lazy. Truth is, the dog gets up to a LOT of adventures. He just happens to experience them through sleepwalking. Certainly this will pair well with that recent TOON book Tippy and the Night Parade, that’s for sure. Look for Jarvis to come out with Forgetful Fred at some point as well.
Listen, Slowly by Thanhha Lai (9780062229182)
I covered this book briefly in my last Harper Collins preview, but it’s just so nice I’ll cover it twice. Coming from the author of Inside Out and Back Again, this book is Thanhha Lai’s first title since she won her Newbery Honor. No pressure or anything. Fortunately it looks as though she’s not let the win go to her head. Like her last book, this story also features a child of Vietnamese parents, but there the similarities pretty much stop. Writing in prose, in this contemporary novel a girl lives in Orange County with her family and grandmother. When her grandma discovers that there may be new information about her husband, who disappeared during the Vietnam War, our heroine finds herself forced to go along. Inspired by family history it’s getting starred reviews left and right. Better check it out then.
Ferals by Jacob Grey (9780062321039)
10 points to the author and publisher for not naming this book “Crow Boy”. The temptation to do so must have been extreme. I mean, c’mon. “Raised by crows”? Writes itself. Described to us as “Batman meets The Graveyard Book” (surprised they didn’t reference the film The Crow as well) the story stars a boy named Caw. He has the ability to speak to crows, which marks him as a “feral”. Now the most evil feral, a fellow known as the Spinning Man, is returning. Beware the spiders, folks.
The Last Dragon Charmer #1: Villain Keeper (9780062308436)
Here’s a term you may never hear again, but that just sounds interesting: Reverse portal fantasy. Know what it is? Well, the plot of this book might give you a hint. In this story a prince wants to slay a dragon. Pretty standard stuff. Or at least it would be if the prince wasn’t mysteriously sent to Asheville, NC. Number of dragons in Asheville? Zero. Or so you might think . . . They said this would be a good complementary title to The Hero’s Guide for Saving Your Kingdom. Absolutely.
Gone Crazy in Alabama by Rita Williams-Garcia (9780062215871)
It’s here! It’s here! It’s almost here! In April or so we’ll be seeing the third and final volume in the Rita Williams-Garcia series that began with One Crazy Summer. I thoroughly approve of the clothes featured on the cover here (the bell bottoms on book #2 still rankle). In this book the girls take a bus to visit Big Ma in the family home. The time period is Summer 1969. The place? Alabama. And the three find out pretty quickly that they are not exactly in the best possible time and place to be chanting Black Power slogans. The editor, Rosemary Brosnan, said in all seriousness that it’s the best of the three.
Monstrous by MarcyKate Connolly, ill. Skottie Young (9780062272713)
They say it’s Frankenstein meets the Brothers Grimm but I suspect there might be a bit of Monster High stuck in there on the side. Meet our heroine. She has the eyes of a cat, the wings of a raven, and she has one purpose in life: To rescue girls under the spell of an evil wizard. Simple, right? But when you’re a monster you have to learn that sometimes there are things and people out there even more monstrous than you.
Endangered by Lamar Giles (9780062297563)
Yep. This one’s a YA novel but I’m highlighting it because it’s one of the very rare titles with a contemporary African-American girl on the cover. Little wonder. It’s by #WeNeedDiverseBooks fellow Lamar Giles. Well played.
Meet the Dullards by Sara Pennypacker, ill. Daniel Salmieri (978006198563)
Now again, we talked about this book before, but there’s a lot to love here. Salmieri, man. That kid’s going places. It hurts matters not a jot that his Dragons Love Tacos is on the New York Times bestseller list every week right now (sidenote: the best Dragons Love Tacos video of all time is here). In this book long time pro Pennypacker pairs with Salmieri to present what may be the greatest childhood metaphor of all time. Mom and Dad are dull. Proudly so, and like all good parents they are attempting to inculcate their children in the wide and wonderful world of blahness. Trouble is, the kids are dangerously attracted to activities more interesting than watching paint dry. The description? “The Stupids with boring people”. Nice.
Cat and Bunny by Mary Lundquist (9780062287809)
Doesn’t look like much from the cover, does it? But doggone it if this isn’t one of the cleverer little books coming out right now. A debut, the book features a large menagerie (for lack of a better word) of kids in animal costumes. In this book, a topic horribly familiar to many a kiddo is tackled: Sharing your best friend. Quail, you see, wants to play with Bunny but Cat is NOT down with that plan. Understanding ensues. Talk about a topic parents ask for that we hardly have any books to cover!! Note: My table insisted that the endpapers be turned into a poster someday.
If You Plant a Seed by Kadir Nelson (9780062298898)
Kadir continues with the cute. Picasso had his Blue Period. Kadir has his Cute Period. Described as “intense”, in this book a mouse and a rabbit plant a seed. What ensues is a tale of selfishness, kindness, karma, and consequences.
First Snow by Peter McCarty (9780062189967)
Okay. So we need diverse books, right? Absolutely. But don’t we also need diverse animal stories? Is there any reason why animals can’t be diverse as well? Peter McCarty has always been remarkably good in this arena. Now he continues his series of books starring familiar characters. He began with Henry In Love, continued with Chloe, and now we have First Snow. Pedro is from South America and has come to spend time with his cousins in the north. When they learn that he has no experience with snow they insist that he join in the fun. He takes some convincing, of course. Snow is, and it’s hard to argue with this, cold. Fortunately a sledding mishap ends with the unintentional consequence of Pedro suddenly loving the white, fluffy, and (yes) cold stuff. Great great great.
Every Little Bit of You is Yummy! by Tim Harrington (9780062328168)
Like a lot of librarians I’m always on the lookout for good picture book readalouds. Did you see Jbrary’s 2014 Favourite Storytime Picture Books? That’s the kind of stuff I’m talking about. So I was intrigued by what Harrington is doing here. Like a kind of follow-up to Eric Carle’s From Head to Toe, the book is interactive with a song online to boot.
Masterminds by Gordon Korman (9780062299963)
The heart wants what it wants. And what my heart wants right now is for 2015 to arrive so that I can finally pick this book up and read it. For whatever reason, Gordon Korman has managed to pen a book that pushes all my buttons. As a kid I would have been all over this thing. You see, in this book a group of kiddos live in a kind of Pleasantville-ish town. They’re good kids too. Then one day a kid bicycles to the town limits and pretty quickly they discover that nothing they know is the truth. They’re a sociological experiment in the making and their purpose has yet to reveal itself.
The Girl in the Torch by Rob Sharenow (9780062227959)
Here in New York we children’s librarians keep one eye peeled at all times for NYC-related children’s book fare. Happily there’s a bloody ton of it out there. Case in point, a book they’re calling “Hugo Cabret meets True Grit“. While on Ellis Island a girl’s mother dies in quarantine. So what’s a daughter to do? With the prospect of deportation looming, our heroine does what any forward thinking young woman would. She decides to live in the torch of The Statue of Liberty. Tackling big themes like what it means to be “American”, this just sounds fun.
Joey and Johnny, the Ninjas: Get Mooned by Kevin Serwacki, ill. Chris Pallace (9780062299338)
Speaking of fun: Ninjas! Ninjas make everything better. The first in a four book series, imagine if Roald Dahl wrote a story about a ninja school and it was then animated by the creators of Adventure Time. That’s what you’ll get in this book of two competing ninja schools. Apparently the book tackles the tricky issue of taking the easy way out of things. With ninjas. Did I mention that part before?
Moonpenny Island by Tricia Springstubb (9780062112934)
Gilbert Ford. I hope he’s very rich by now. Periodically middle grade book covers go through phases. There was the Brett Hardinger phase for a while, and before that the C.F. Payne phase. Now it’s all Gilbert Ford all the way. He started out luring in the kiddos with the Pseudonymous Bosch “Secret” series, and cemented his reign with the Newbery Honor book Three Times Lucky. There’s just something appealing about his style. Now he’s done the cover for the latest Tricia Springstubb novel. This book is about seeing things for the first time. It’s also about a mom who leaves to take care of grandma, themes of evolution, and a load of trilobites (note the cover).
The Dungeoneers by John David Anderson (9780062338143)
Hard to tell. Is this a Dan Santat cover? Sure looks like one. In any case, the author of the delightful Sidekicked is back, but not with any superhero tales this time. Nope, this is a story of Colm. He’s a peasant who, quite frankly is fed up with being a peasant. After picking the wrong pocket (to put it mildly) Colm’s given a choice. He could be done away with in a suitably medieval manner or he can become a member of low born adventurers. He chooses the latter and is enthralled, until he realizes that there are problem with this particular group.
Omega City by Diana Peterfreund (9780062310859)
Strap in, folks. We’re clearly in adventure mode now. I don’t know about you but I’ve noticed a significant uptick in the number of books described using Goonies as a reference. They called the Little, Brown & Co. book If You Find This by Matthew Baker as “Goonies meets Holes“. Now Harper Collins is calling Omega City “Goonies meets City of Ember“. After a girl’s father loses his job she follows clues left by a diary and finds an underground bunker. It’s first in a three book series and promises action. Just so long as it doesn’t reference Omega Man in any way (it’s the title that made me think of it) we’re cool.
The Arctic Code by Matthew J. Kirby (978006224873)
That Matthew Kirby. He just can’t keep away from ice. First it was the remarkable Icefall. Now he has a new three book series set in the near future. Earth has succumbed to a new Ice Age. Meanwhile our hero’s mother is in the Arctic doing some kind of work there. When she disappears after sending a cryptic message, her daughter Eleanor goes to find her. Apparently the book asks the rather difficult question, if we can’t save everyone on earth, who do we save and why? Sounds like it would pair well with the Rebecca Stead debut novel First Light.
A Study in Scarlet by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, ill. Gris Grimly (9780062293756)
Cool . . . and YA. Doggone it. Yes, the wonderful Gris Grimly is back and this time he’s chosen to illustrate the debut of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s most famous hero. In color no less! Now when I saw what book it was I admit I was a bit incredulous. Anyone who has read this knows that there is a LONG section dedicated to a subplot involving Mormons in America. I asked and yes indeed. The Mormons made it into this book intact. Fascinating.
Picture Perfect #1: Bending Over Backwards by Cari Simmons (9780062310224)
Someday an enterprising librarian in a small system will create stickers that say “snark free” or “mean girl free” and put them on certain titles in their collection. I know that when I was a kid I would have vastly preferred those kinds of books. Those stickers would actually apply pretty well to this new series by Cari Simmons. Each story is a standalone but they all have one thing in common: What happens when you realize that you and your longtime best friend are two VERY different people? They said it was for the Mix / Candy Apple readers. I say it’s also for the fans of The Kind of Friends We Used to Be and the upcoming Roller Girl by Victoria Jamieson.
Archie Greene and the Magician’s Secret by D.D. Everest (9780062312112)
Kids, here’s some safe advice. Should you receive an ancient book for your birthday, just put that sucker down. You don’t want to know what it’s going to get you into. In the case of Archie Greene, such a book helps him to discover that he’s a Flame Keeper, charged to find and preserve magical books. Mind you, occasionally there are books where characters pop out of their pages. Just consider that one of the hazards of the job.
The Fog Diver by Joel Ross (9780062352934)
Adventure! Pirates! Airships! Slum kids who’s made themselves a kind of patched together family. In the future we live in the sky. Why? Because a deadly fog is on the ground, of course. The worse news? It’s rising. For that reason we’re all living on the mountaintops these days. The wealthy are the uppermost while fog divers scavenge below. Our heroes must save their guardian and to do so they must go on a journey. Amongst them is a boy who can survive the fog so, naturally, the bad guy wants him. This will be the first of two books in the series.
The Keepers: The Box and the Dragonfly (9780062275820)
And this one will be the first of four books. I’ve written about this before, actually. In this book a boy meets a group called “The Keepers” and is given a box that shows the future. Only thing is, this isn’t a fantasy. Nope. It’s a highly developed science fiction title where all the “magical” elements are based on theoretical physics.
Mars Evacuees by Sophia McDougall (9780062293992)
My resident science fiction expert librarian (see: Views from the Tesseract) assures me that this book is excellent. In it, Earth is at war with aliens so the kids are evacuating to Mars. Our heroine arrives there and next thing you know all the adults have disappeared. So the kids, the robots, and an alien (!) team up. They described this one as Pixar-esque with plenty of humor. And the name of the sequel? Space Hostages. Awesome.
And that’s that! All that remains is to look at the . . .
You know, sometimes in my quieter moments I look back and think about my favorite bizarre “meets” overheard at a preview. It didn’t even use the word “meets”, but the implication was clear. The name of the book has long since faded from my mind but the description . . . ah, the description is forever. “Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon . . . on MARS!” Still the best. In the meantime, these are pretty good too:
“The Monkey’s Paw meets E. Lockhardt meets Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind” – The Cost of All Things by Maggie Lehrman
“X-Men meets Game of Thrones” – The Red Queen by Victoria Aveyard
Throughout the year, YALSA's App of the Week bloggers review what's new and interesting in the app world for teens and the library staff that work with them. In this end of the year App of the Week post, we look at the top four apps that stood out to bloggers in 2014.
A favorite of YALSA Blogger Jen Scott Willis
Graphic design is a tricky business, and one that many of us don't realize is part of our job description until we're faced with a blank document and a list of almost-but-not-quite-right font choices. ' Canva, a free, web-based application' that lets you easily produce' professional-looking' designs, made this part' of the' job much easier for me when it debuted over a year ago. ' Now, with the introduction of the iPad app, the possibilities are both endless and mobile.
So far, I've used Canva's web app to design everything from icons for our online calendar to posters for programs and thank you cards for presenters, and I've heard glowing reports from teens of their successes using it for both school projects and social media posts.
The iPad app is not without its bugs --' pics can be slow to upload and there are sometimes hitches in the interface that you don't see in the web version -- however, the developers seem quick to respond to user feedback and offer updates. ' Meanwhile, the ease of use, professional results, and potential for collaboration that the iPad version offers' makes this a go-to for your toolkit.
My top app this year is the game Monument Valley. Available for iOS, Android, and Kindle Fire devices, this is a beautiful game that was clearly designed with a great deal of thought. Everything from the architecture of the buildings that players must navigate, to the color scheme, to the music playing in the background comes together to create a mesmerizing experience. The puzzles themselves are, for the most part, fairly straightforward, but you will still want to continue playing to see more and more of this gorgeous world. The game was initially released for iOS devices in the spring and has already won a 2014 Apple Design Award and been named the best iPad app of the year.
New levels for the game were released in November, though somewhat controversially they are not included in the price of the original app and instead cost an additional $1.99. Given that these levels almost double the size of the app, fans of the original game will definitely want to download them. Now that Monument Valley is available on more platforms, it will undoubtedly find an increasing audience of devoted fans. I highly recommend giving it a try!
The MIT coding program for kids and teens, Scratch, has been around for a long time. However, ScratchJr, the iPad app was released in the summer and it is a great way for young children to learn about programming and for staff that work with teens to learn that too.
ScratchJr doesn't have as many commands to work with as it's parent product Scratch, but it has plenty to get started with for those who are learning how to program in this way. Users can move characters in all directions, have the character speak, record narration, hide and show characters and more. Users can also add backgrounds and change the look of a character using some simple character editing tools.
Any adult that is wondering what this coding thing that people are talking about as a part of learning for children and teens is all about, should try out ScratchJr as a first step in their own learning. Teens working to help younger kids will do well learning ScratchJr as well. It's worth the time to take a look and think about how ScratchJr does have an impact on the teens and the families that you work with.
If there is one app that has had an impact on youth culture in our communities in 2014, it would have to be YikYak. The app is designed for users to get a sense of what’s going on locally. YikYak lets you peek at othercommunities or college campuses, where use is huge, but can only post and vote (up or down) for Yaks in your immediate area. It doesn’t require a username, just proximity, though you can insert a “handle” if you wish.
YikYak has great potential for sharing what’s going on nearby – I’ve seen it used to advertise special retailer promotions discounts as well as crowd-source information on traffic conditions -- but in many schools, teens made anonymous threats or become victim of systematic bullying using the anonymity of the app.
It might be the digital version of a bathroom wall, but I wanted to write about YikYak because I think it and others apps of its type offer important opportunities for powerful conversations with teens about digital citizenship. Also, arrests related to content illustrate the need for helping young people understand that digital anonymity is somewhat of an illusion and that content posted through apps like YikYak remains identifiable.
Libraries should be safe spaces, so if cyberbullying in your area is an issue, you might want to investigate the geofencing option that prevents posting to YikYak from school campuses. Also good to know: five down votes will remove a Yak from the feed, so if you see something that slanders an individual, you can help make that content disappear.
Yes, we’ve yet another Fuse #8 TV episode today and this time we’ve worked out some of the kinks. No more with the herky jerky videos at the start! Instead, I take you on a lovely little tour of the current Grolier exhibit of children’s literature. Then it’s interview time with YA author Jennifer Niven of the much lauded All the Bright Places.
Ruby Barnhill, a newcomer English actress, will play Sophie in The BFG. This project marks the first time Barnhill will take on a feature part.
Steven Spielberg will take the helm of this Roald Dahl film adaptation as the director. Mark Rylance, a British theatre actor, has been cast in the titular role.
Here’s more from Deadline: “Published in 1982, The BFG is the story of a young London girl and the world’s only benevolent giant who introduces her to the beauty and peril of Giant Country. The two set off on an adventure (with the aid of the Queen of England) to capture the evil, man-eating giants who have been invading the human world. Spielberg is beginning production early in the New Year and Disney releases on July 1, 2016 in the U.S. EOne will bring it to the UK on July 22, 2016.”
The trick to starting off the new year on more solid-footting, begin now.
1) Think about how you'd like 2015 to be for yourself personally (I appreciate how difficult the task to separate yourself out from your family and friends and community at large. For this exercise, try). If the entire year feels too daunting, visualize simply the very best January you can imagine.
2) Write a long-term - 21day -- goal of the skill(s), belief(s), ability(s), habit(s) you wish to take into the new year that best serves your vision. Write the 21-day goal in the present-tense.
3) List specific steps you plan to take, starting today, to position yourself in the direct light of your vision for 2015.
4) Schedule and mark the next 21-days on your calendar the specific steps on your list:
sitting at your computer for 5-minutes
unplugging 3 times a day from negative emotions to positive affirmations
21 days with a Plot Planner and 10 minutes daily questioning your characters, twisting the action and mining the meaning
making a Plot Planner for your life with your goal at the highest point (see the Plot Tips banner) and working backwards for what to do daily to move one step nearer to your glory in 21-days.
5) Everyday, check off another success on your calendar. Turn to 2015. On January 4th, greet the new year changed and better aligned with your vision of the future.
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We have plenty of excuses for torture. Most of them are bad. Evaluating these bad excuses, as ethical philosophers are able to do, should disarm them. We can hope that clear thinking about excuses will prevent future generations–for the sake of their moral health–from falling into the trap.
Ignorance. Senator John McCain knows torture at first hand and condemns it unequivocally. Most of the rest of us don’t have his sort of experience. Does that give us an excuse to condone it or cover it up? Not at all. We can easily read accounts of his torture, along with his heroic response to it. Literature about prison camps is full of tales of torture. With a little imagination, we can feel how torture would affect us. Reading and imagination are crucial to moral education.
Anger and fear. In the grip of fear and anger, people do things they would never do in a calm frame of mind. This is especially true in combat. After heart-rending losses, soldiers are more likely to abuse prisoners or hack up the bodies of enemies they have killed. That’s understandable in the heat of battle. But in the cold-blooded context of the so-called war on terror this excuse has no traction. Of course we are angry at terrorists and we fear what they may do to us, but these feelings are dispositions. They are not the sort of passions that disarm the moral sense. So they do not excuse the torture of detainees after 9/11.
Even in the heat of battle, well-led troops hold back from atrocities. A fellow Vietnam veteran once told me that he had in his power a Viet Cong prisoner, who, he believed, had killed his best friend. He was raging to kill the man, and he could have done it. “What held you back?” I asked. “I knew if I shot him, and word got out, my commander would have me court-martialed.” He was grateful for his commander’s leadership. That saved him from a burden on his conscience.
Saving lives. Defenders of torture say that it has saved American lives. The evidence does not support this, as the Feinstein Committee has shown, but the myth persists. In military intelligence school in 1969 I was taught that torture is rarely effective, because prisoners tell you what they think you want to hear. Or they tell you what they want you to hear. In the case of the Battle of Algiers, one terrorist group gave the French information that led the French to wipe out competing groups.
Suppose, however, that the facts were otherwise, that torture does save lives. That is no excuse. Suppose I go into hospital for an appendectomy and the next day my loved ones come to collect me. What they find is a cadaver with vital organs removed. “Don’t fret,” they are told. “We took his life painlessly under anesthetic and saved five other lives with his organs. A good bargain don’t you think?” No. We all know it is wrong to kill one person merely to save others. What would make it right in the case of torture?
The detainees are guilty of terrible crimes. Perhaps. But we do not know this. They have not had a chance for a hearing. And even if they were found guilty, torture is not permitted under ethics or law.
The ad hominem. The worst excuse possible, but often heard: Criticism of torture is politically motivated. Perhaps so, but that is irrelevant. Attacking the critics is no way to defend torture.
Bad leadership: the “pickle-barrel” excuse. Zimbardo has argued that we should excuse the guards at Abu Ghraib because they has been plunged into a situation that we know turns good people bad. His prison experiment at Stanford proved the point. He compares the guards to cucumbers soaked in a pickle barrel. If the cucumbers turn into pickles, don’t blame them. This is the best of the excuses so far; the bipartisan Schlesinger Commission cited a failure of leadership at Abu Ghraib. Still, this is a weak excuse; not all the guards turned sour. They had choices. But good leadership and supervision would have prevented the problem, as it would at the infamous Salt Pit of which we have just learned.
We need to disarm these bad excuses, and the best way to do that is through leadership and education. Torture is a sign of hubris–of the arrogant feeling that we have the power and knowledge to carry out torture properly. We don’t. The ancient Greeks knew that the antidote to hubris is reverence, a quality singularly missing in modern American life.
Headline image credit: ‘Witness Against Torture: Captive Hands’ by Justin Norman. CC BY-NC-ND 2.0 via Flickr
What is your favorite thing about RESISTING RUBY ROSE?
The shower scene! Haha, that sounds scandalous, doesn’t it? I write YA after all. But for srsly, there are two things you can expect out of any Ruby Rose book: 1) kissing; and 2) killing. Which one do you think happens in the “shower scene?” Mwahahaha…
Do you want a more serious answer now? Okay, good. I’m really excited to introduce a few new characters into Ruby’s world. Especially this one hot male character with a British accent and impeccable taste in shoes. Enough said? I think so.
What was your inspiration for writing RESISTING RUBY ROSE?
Jason Bourne, Homeland, Heist Society, Dexter (and chocolate). In all these stories, the characters grow, evolve, sometimes devolve, and surprise us. In the sequel to KILLING RUBY ROSE, I wanted Ruby Rose to live on, face new challenges, and surprise.
What did this book teach you about writing or about yourself? This book was my 2013 NaNoWriMo book (National Novel Writing Month-where you commit to write 50,000 words in one month). Though I had already meticulously plotted out the story in a “Beat Sheet” (the method taught in the SAVE THE CAT writing books), I shocked myself that I could write a story so fast and seamlessly. I attest this victory to three things: 1) A large bulk of it was written at a writer’s retreat in Park City, Utah wherein a great deal of hot-tub-brainstorming took place; 2) I already knew Ruby and the world she lived in; and 3) I didn’t do it alone—I have two amazing writing partners and three talented editors at my pub house. In summary, writing a sequel doesn’t suck at all! (As long as there’s a hot tub involved).
Was there an AHA! moment along your road to publication where something suddenly sank in and you felt you had the key to writing a novel? What was it?
Yes, why yes, I did. I was at a writer’s conference in 2012 where agent Sara Crowe was speaking about the state of the industry and a few exciting books which she had recently sold. It occurred to me that the books she was describing weren’t anything like the book I was querying. Her words bounced through the echo chambers of my mind until something connected with something in my gut. I had been feeling like I needed to move on from the same story I’d been writing and rewriting for over two years. (Technically, I’d written two separate books with the same basic magic system and setting, but whatevs). I NEEDED TO MOVE ON! Sometimes letting go of the “story of your heart” NEEDS TO HAPPEN.
My AHA! moment was this: I knew I had to write a NEW story. One I felt passionate about, but also one an agent can sell. I KNOW THIS SUBJECT CAN BE CONTROVERSIAL. So let me be clear, I’m not saying, “write to the trends.” At all. I’m saying, “If publication matters to you, it would behoove you to know what the publishers want/don’t want to maximize your chances of representation and acquisition.”
So I dropped my paranormal story and I wrote a contemporary thriller, inspired by stories I loved. I felt refreshed with new characters, a different world, and a clean palate. It wasn’t long after that I landed one of the best-selling agents in the YA market (Sarah Davies) and she sold KILLING RUBY ROSE in a two-book deal. Sooo…it worked out pretty well ☺ Just sayin’.
ABOUT THE BOOK
Resisting Ruby Rose by Jessie Humphries Paperback Skyscape Released 10/28/2014
Still reeling from the heartbreaking events that unfolded on Grissom Island, Ruby Rose is trying to come to terms with the fact that she’s gone from a vigilante in killer shoes to a stone-cold killer. Everyone from her therapist to her smoking-hot boyfriend keeps trying to convince her that she hasn’t crossed over to the dark side, but Ruby isn’t so sure. It doesn’t help that her nemesis, Detective “Mastermind” Martinez, is still out there, waiting for another chance to take her down.
When an alleged CIA agent named Skryker shows up and asks for a meeting, Ruby figures it just means more questions about her case. But he has information of an entirely different nature and a job offer: join an elite force of young assassins, including Skryker’s right-hand guy, Quinn Donovan. Quinn is distractingly charming, handsome—and deadly. Ruby resists becoming a killer again, but as she becomes more ensnared in a web of deceit, no one around her is safe.
Jessie Humphries is the bestselling author of the YA thriller Killing Ruby Rose, the first book in the Ruby Rose series. In addition to writing, she is a part-time attorney and a mother. She lives in Las Vegas with her husband and four children.