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reviews and more about historical fiction for children and teens
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Recommended for ages 8-12
In this mash-up of fairy tale and historical fiction set in mid-19th century Norway, 14-year old Astri is sold by her aunt to a horrible (and lecherous) goat-herder to serve as his servant and more. Astri manages to not only escape but also rescue her younger sister, so that they can try to get to America, where her father has emigrated. With the goatman in pursuit, they must travel west of the moon, and east of the sun in this masterful story in which a 19th century immigrant's story is seamlessly mixed with Norwegian folklore and mythology. The novel features a terrific feisty, no-nonsense heroine very loosely based on the author's own ancestors.
Recommended for ages 8-12
This slim historical novel in verse packs an wallop of an emotional punch. It tells the story of Mina Tagawa, a young Japanese-American girl from Seattle who along with her family is imprisoned in an internment camp in Idaho, where they live for three years.
The author sensitively portrays this shameful period in our history, and the way in which different members of Mina's family react: her stoic grandfather; her angry father, a newspaper reporter who is arrested soon after Pearl Harbor; her frustrated teenaged brother, who joins the highly decorated Japanese regiment that fought in Europe. We also see the reaction of Mina's white best friend and her family, who try to remain loyal to their Japanese American friends and neighbors during this difficult time. In a particularly moving passage, Mina's brother Nick writes of his experience liberating Dachau, drawing comparisons to the camp he lived in Idaho surrounded by barbed wire and guard towers like the ones he saw in Germany.
In an afterword, the author explains that she was inspired to write Dust of Eden by her childhood doctor, a second-generation Japanese American who was interned along with his family during World War II. The afterword gives a short background on the chronology of the internment.
One of my favorite parts of my job as a children's librarian is being able to see all the new children's picture books that have been ordered as they come in. Here are some of my recent favorites:A Lion in Paris, by Beatrice Alemagna (Tate, 2014).
In this enormous picture book, a young, curious, and bored lion wanders far from his savannah home to find a "job, love, and a future." Where else to go for these but Paris, where he is initially scared by the big city, but soon is enjoying a coffee at a famous Parisian cafe, riding the Metro, and visiting Parisian landmarks like the Louvre and the Eiffel Tower. Older children and adults are likely to appreciate the unusual and sophisticated artistic style of drawing mixed with collage but even young children can appreciate the "fish out of water" theme that recalls classic stories such as Babar and Curious George. Those who have visited Paris or dream of visiting Paris will particularly enjoy the artist's renditions of well-known Parisian sights.
Boa's Bad Birthday, by Jeanne Willis (Andersen Press Picture Books, 2014).
Every kid has experienced getting a present he can't stand and having to pretend that he likes it. Find out what happens when all of Boa's jungle friends bring him the worst presents ever in this hilarious new picture book. Whimsically illustrated by Tony Ross, this book offers perhaps the only boa constrictor you'll see in a birthday hat. This is a great storytime book for preschoolers and early elementary school students. The kids had a great time trying to figure out why each present that Boa gets was ridiculous for him! (i.e. mittens--no good because he has no hands...) Whimsical illustrations by Tony Ross add to the fun.
I am Cat, by Jackie Morris (Frances Lincoln Children's Books, 2013).
Cat lovers of all ages will delight in this magnificently illustrated ode to cats of all types. Through lyrical but brief text, a house cat dreams of her wild sisters, imagining herself a tiger, lion, cheetah, cougar, and other cats both rare and familiar. The book features gorgeous full-color two-page spreads. Back matter offers small illustrations and brief factual descriptions of the wild cats seen in the book for those who would like further information on these animals, most of which are endangered in the wild.
Recommended for ages 7-10.
My 18-year old son is an accomplished magician, and started to get into magic around the age of eight--and if you talk to professional magicians, you'll find most of them because interested in magic at around that age. Because of this, I am always intrigued by new children's books featuring kid magicians, particularly those featuring "regular kids", i.e. not of the Harry Potter variety.
The Vanishing Coin is the first volume of a promising new series for those just getting into chapter books (i.e. of the Magic Treehouse/Junie B. Jones difficulty level). This book features an awkward fourth grader named Mike, who seems to suffer from ADHD (but no talk about meds in this book). His parents have made him quit soccer so he can focus more on school work, but staying on task is an endless struggle for him. Is there anything that he's good at?
When he and his neighbor Nora (who's annoyingly good at everything) discover a dusty old magic store, complete with a colorful owner (shades of Bruce Coville's Magic Shop series), Mike feels an instant connection--and discovers that he's really good at magic tricks. Will this help him fit in in 4th grade and even deal with the school bully?
Because the book is co-written by a magician, Mike Lane, it includes directions to do actual magic tricks discussed in the book--i.e. the reader can learn tricks right along with Mike. This is very appealing for young readers--combining the best of a chapter book and a to-do-magic book. The book is abundantly illustrated with appealing cartoon-style drawings by illustrator Eric Wight, author and illustrator of the Frankie Pickle series. The first in a series, The Vanishing Coin should be appealing to both boys and girls, particularly those who identify with a character trying to find his place in the world and feel "special."
Volume 2, The Incredible Twisting Arm, is already available as well. I'd love to see a great website to go along with this series, featuring links to sites of appropriate magicians, magic tricks, magic history, etc.
|Author Sandy Brehl|
I am delighted to participate in the blog tour for an exciting new historical fiction novel for middle-grade readers, Odin's Promise: A Novel of Norway,
by author Sandy Brehl
. Sandy kindly consented to answer a number of questions about her book for this blog.
Q: World War II continues to supply inspiration for movies, television, adult books, and children's books, with no signs that interest in the war is abating as it becomes part of the more distant past for today's young people. How would you explain the continued fascination with this conflict?
A: It’s true that WWII has a sustained interest among young readers and their families, too. I would have thought with our many recent years of war that it would not be the case. Despite our war-weary society, World War II seems to hold a unique place in the hearts of even the youngest. Perhaps it’s seen as that one war when, despite graphic horrors and destruction, loss of lives, and even documented atrocities, good really overcame evil. It was also followed by world-unifying efforts, like support for refugees, restoration of cities, and the creation of the United Nations. Even if young people aren’t aware of those aspects, they seem to understand that WWII has an aura of decency and validity that so many other conflicts lack.The unequivocal ruthlessness of Hitler, Japan, and Mussolini versus a world united not only in self-defense but in the name of freedom makes it a sort of “poster child” for what a “good war” would be. Few before or since have had such a clear mission.Q: What inspires you to write historical fiction for young people?
A: First, I enjoy reading historical fiction, for all ages. In this case specific stories I heard about the war years while visiting Norway took root in my mind and wouldn’t let go. The research that ensued made me eager to discover and tell this story. I write contemporary middle grade novels, too, and picture book texts, but several historical fiction stories have sprouted “seedlings” in my mind from stories my parents, grandparents, and even local characters have shared. I’ve begun to trust that a time will come when each will grow to harvest when the time is right.Q: Can you tell us a little bit about why you decided to set a story in Norway at this time and how you researched this difficult time in their history?
A: First, I’m not Norwegian. A good friend is the daughter of a Norwegian immigrant, though, and she invited me to travel with her to her father’s home village. On that first trip I fell in love with the country- the people, the landscape, the values, the lifestyle. We stayed with her family on that visit and another. I experienced such genuine hospitality, good humor,generosity, and national pride of the purest type that I felt at home there immediately. Pictures and stories they shared focused on their family before, during, and after the war years. One particular story of resistance seemed like a book waiting to be written. Despite my best efforts over several decades, that story couldn’t seem to find its footing. Revisions, critiques, and shifts in genre, target audience, or focus weren’t enough to bring success. My readings and research into that era continued until I finally found one work by a Norwegian scholar, Stokker. It featured journal entries from the war years, including some by children Mari’s age. That’s when those earlier readings, writings, and research found their way into Mari and her family. The story incorporates many documented details of underground resistance, but the characters are all fictional.
|Photo of coastal Bergen,Norway--the village where the book takes place is on the other side of the mountains|
Q: What made you decide to put a dog, Odin, at the center of your novel?
A: I’ve had dogs most of my life, and while I was in Norway I saw how much dogs are integral members of families there. When I began to imagine Mari’s role in her family as a shy youngest child, it was the most natural thing in the world for her to have a companion dog. I knew her story and circumstances would require her to grow and change, to discover her strengths and define herself as an individual. Odin and his loyalty to the family played an essential part in that process. I never had an elkhound, but the more I learned about the breed, its intelligence and courage, and its role as a national breed, the more certain I was that Odin was the best friend Mari could ever have.Q: I especially liked the way your novel does not portray the Nazis as black and white or 100% evil. Was it important to you to show that some of the Nazi soldiers may have been young men not very different from the Norwegian young men of the village of Ytre Arna, where Odin's Promise is set?
|Ytre Arna, mid-20th century (from the collection of Knut Naevdal and the Ytre Arna Historielag (Museum)|
A: Although I didn’t write this to convey a “message”, it was very important to me to avoid stereotyping any of the characters. That includes the villagers who cooperated with the Nazi occupiers. We can’t always choose the circumstances of our lives, yet we can make conscious choices about how we deal with them. The hard truth is that those choices are seldom clear-cut, black-and-white, yes-or-no. Mari’s journey involves her growing recognition of this challenging truth.Q: With the adoption of the Common Core, do you think that historical fiction will become more popular as a genre?
A: I hope so, just as I hope quality literature becomes a more central part of every subject. My concern is less with the standards than with the emphasis on high-stakes testing. When testing drives the curriculum, all too often school districts adopt various packaged materials, many of which are produced by the testing publishers themselves. Authentic, engaging, rich literature (novels, non-fiction, picture books) should be used in every subject area, and historical fiction can play a major role in helping young people not just learn to read, but to love reading.Q: In addition to publishing this novel, you blog about picture books at Unpacking the Power of Picture Books. Can you share with us a little about your work with picture books?
A: I spent nearly forty years as an elementary teacher, working in classrooms and with special needs students, from pre-school to middle grade. Whenever someone hears you are a teacher they ask, “What do you teach?” At the risk of sounding like a smart-mouth I would always answer “Kids!” then quickly explain that I regularly changed grade levels, subjects, and focus groups because I loved working with kids at all the different stages of their young lives. At every age or grade it’s the child I teach, not the subject. These changes allowed me to read, share, and explore a wide array of children’s literature. I loved helping established readers rediscover the depth and richness of picture books, those “baby books” they thought they had outgrown. I was writing throughout those years, mainly in summer. That included academic articles on ways picture books work for all ages to improve literacy and comprehension. When I retired a few years ago it was to read, write, and teach, but this time to teach adults instead of kids. I teach professional development workshops for teachers, childcare workers, and librarians on the power of picture books to develop the highest quality readers and thinkers. I also do presentations on this topic for reading conferences.Many of the titles I share in those workshops are non-fiction and historical fiction.
Q: Can you share with us what books are on your nightstand or e-reader?
A: I always have a half-dozen or more picture books in a stack, to add reviews on Goodreads or use them for my blogs. That stack turns over every week or so, but as I write this it includes: God Got A Dog
, by Cynthia Rylant and Marla Frazee; Nest
, by Jorey Hurley; Founding Mothers
, by Cokie Roberts with illustrations by Diane Goode; Ezra Jack Keats:A Biography with Illustrations
, by Dean Engel and Florence B. Freedman; A Dance Like Starlight
, by Christy Dempsey and Floyd Cooper, and A Home For Mr. Emerson
, by Barbara Kerley and illustrated by Edwin Fotheringham. In the MG category I just finished: From Norvelt to Nowhere
by Jack Gantos and Catherine Called Birdy
by Karen Cushman. Now reading, or waiting in the stack, are: The Year We Were Famous
by Carole Estby Dagg, Half a Chance
by Cynthia Lord; Seven Stories Up
, by Laurel Snyder, Sure Signs of Crazy
, by Karen Harrington, Slob
, by Ellen Potter, and A Snicker of Magic
.Thanks so much, Sandy, for your thoughtful responses!
The Jewish holiday, Yom HaShoah, Holocaust Remembrance Day, begins on Monday night, April 28. In honor of the millions who perished, as well as those who survived, I wanted to share with my readers an interview with
author Maryann Macdonald
of Odette's Secrets
(reviewed here at the Fourth Musketeer last month
). This novel tells the story of a young French girl who was hidden during the Nazi occupation, and thus survived the Holocaust. Thanks so much, Maryann, for visiting my blog today.
Q: There are so many books, even for young readers, that deal with World War II, particularly the European side of the conflict. Yet there are still so many stories to tell, with more books coming out every year. Please tell us how you discovered the true story of Odette, and why you considered it important to tell her story to young readers.
A: When I learned that 86% of French Jewish children survived the Holocaust by going into hiding, I was astonished. How had these children managed to reinvent themselves so successfully, I wondered? And how had it affected them? Then, by chance, I found "Doors to Madame Marie," a memoir by Odette Meyers at the American Library in Paris. I was so touched by Odette's story of her experience as a hidden child in France. I especially loved her description of the struggles she went through with all the necessary deception that was required to stay successfully hidden, and the affect this had on her developing identity. I had never seen a book that told this particular story about WWII, and I wanted to create a children's book about it for today's readers. Although Odette had passed away some years earlier, I learned that her son Daniel was alive and living in Paris. I called him and we met. He told me he that his mother had often told her story in schools, churches and synagogues, and he was sure that she would want it to live on. So I began the process of trying to recreate Odette's story for today's young readers.
|Right above the door is Odette's Paris apartment|
|Odette and Mama (photographer and family later deported)|
Q: Why did you decide to tell this particular story in free verse, rather than a more conventional prose style?
A: My first draft of Odette's Secrets was in third person. I wanted the story to be as accurate as possible, but I felt this version was too dry. Then I remembered that Odette loved poetry, and even thought its beauty helped her to survive her ordeal. She grew up to become a professor of literature, and wrote poetry of her own. So I set about telling Odette's story in first person, in blank verse, to access more accurately Odette's childhood voice. I wanted the book to seem as though Odette herself was telling her story to children. This turned the book into fiction, but nearly every single recorded detail is true.
|Odette's godmother, Madame Marie|
Q: Many of your many prior books for young people are picture books rather than novels. Did you ever consider telling Odette's story in a picture book format?
A: I have written many picture books, but also one other middle grade novel and quite a few chapter books. My latest effort is a young adult novel. At first I thought Odette's Secrets might be a picture book, but there was just too much story to tell. It is now slotted in for 10-14 year-old's, but I have heard from readers as young as 8. One of my oldest readers was himself a hidden child. He wrote to me to say he thought I had captured the experience quite accurately.
Q: In the current publishing climate, with the wild success of the Wimpy Kid series, dystopian novels like Hunger Games, and the continued popularity of fantasy series in the Harry Potter style, do you have any advice on how librarians, parents, and teachers can encourage children to explore historical fiction like Odette's Secrets?
A: I have developed a teacher's guide for "Odette's Secrets," which is downloadable on my website, www.maryannmacdonald.com. It offers many ways to draw readers into the book. Obviously, linking the story with the history curriculum, with Holocaust Remembrance Day, and with National Poetry Month might help. Not every book suits every reader, but Odette's Secrets has found many appreciative readers. Fans of this genre can discover other great WWII books I've enjoyed, from picture books on up, on the "Odette's Secrets" FB page.
Q: Can you share with us five children's books that made a big impact on you as a young person?
A: Like so many young girls of my time, I fell in love with the Little House Books, especially "Little House on the Prairie." Now that I think of it, that series has some similarities with Odette's Secrets: adventure, family closeness, life-threatening danger. I read every book in our local library on pioneer life, too. But I also loved books about England, especially "The Secret Garden," "Bedknobs and Broomsticks," and "Mary Poppins." I think my love of English children's literature was partly responsible for the fact that when I grew up, I went to live in England for 23 years. And again, like so many girls of yesterday and today, I loved Nancy Drew. My granddaughter loves her, too.
Q: What books are currently on your nightstand? (or in your e-reader, if you prefer your books in that format?)
A: I just read "The Hare with the Amber Eyes" with my book group. I enjoyed that in paperback, but I LOVE my Kindle, too, and take it everywhere. Now I live in New York City, so I get a lot of reading done on the subway, so take my Kindle everywhere in my handbag. I'm reading "The Unlikely Pilgrimmage of Harold Fry" by British writer Rachel Joyce on it right now. I also listen to books on my I-Pod while walking in Central Park and while cooking. My latest cooking favorite is "The Hobbit" by Tolkein and my latest walking favorite is "City of Thieves," by David Benioff, about the siege of Leningrad. Background reading gets fitted in at the library and just before bedtime.
Recommended for ages 8-12.
Beloved British author Shirley Hughes is best known for her delightful picture books about preschooler Alfie
and his toddler sister Annie Rose. In 2012, at the ripe age of 84, she published in Great Britain her first children's novel, Hero on a Bicycle
, which was published in 2013 by Candlewick here in the U.S.
Set in Florence in 1944, this novel centers around thirteen-year old Paolo. He hates the Nazis but feels powerless--he's stuck between being a child and being old enough to be useful. Paolo lives with his mother, Rosemary, an English woman who married an Italian, and his teenaged sister Constanza, a pretty girl who catches the attention of the Nazi officers stationed in town. Seeking a few thrills, Paolo rides his bicycle around town in the dark--past curfew. But when he runs into a group of partisans--Italian resistance fighters--he becomes their messenger. Soon his family is intimately involved, taking in downed Allied pilots, whom the resistance is trying to get to safety at the Allied lines. Soon Paolo and his family are literally on the front lines of the conflict, and Paolo will get his chance to play the hero--sooner than he may have expected.
This is a slim novel (at 213 pages) that is a good choice for younger readers who are interested in World War II. While providing plenty of suspense and a sense of danger, Hughes does not include any graphic violence in the novel that would be unsuitable for younger middle-grade readers. Most of the novels for young people about World War II seem to involve the Holocaust or Jewish issues in some way; this novel provides a different perspective, as it focuses on the partisans and the Allied soldiers to fought to free Italy from the Nazi occupiers.
Recommended for ages 9-14.
World War II seems to supply authors, whether those for children or adults, with an inexhaustible supply of true stories for inspiration. Author Maryann Macdonald
turns to historical fiction in her new novel, Odette's Secrets
, about a young Jewish girl in Paris during the Nazi Occupation. Odette's story is told in spare free verse; we meet her Polish-Jewish parents who have immigrated to Paris with their only daughter Odette. Odette is beloved by her gentile godmother, the concierge at her building, and has a comfortable existence until her father joins the French military, is taken prisoner by the Germans, and conditions began to worsen considerably for the Jewish population of Paris. Soon the round-ups of foreign-born Jews begin, destined to be shipped off to the East. Odette's mother, realizing the danger, makes a plan for her daughter and the daughters of other friends to go stay with family friends in the Vendee, outside of Nazi-occupied France, where she will be in safely in the countryside with plenty to eat.
There's one wrinkle--Odette must forget that she's a Jew. She must blend in perfectly with the village children, learn how to cross herself, say Catholic prayers, attend mass, eat pork, in other words, do nothing that could distinguish her from other children in the village. She becomes very good at keeping secrets--even from her closest friends. But when her mother flees Paris to join her, suspicion follows them just the same. Can they stay safe? And what will happen after the war ends? Will her father and other relatives find them back in Paris?
This is a moving, small novel that can be read quickly but delves into real issues of prejudice, bravery, and how ordinary children can survive in dangerous and extraordinary times This novel is inspired by the life of the real Odette Myers, a story the author discovered while doing research in a Paris library; she was helped in this project by Odette's son, Daniel, who shared family photos and experiences. Highly recommended.
Recommended for ages 9-12.
Release date: March 25, 2014
Award-winning Australian author Sonya Hartnett
returns to World War II in her latest historical novel for middle grade readers. The Children of the King
blends a paranormal ghost story with historical fiction; it takes place in England at the beginning of the Second World War, and the novel begins with the young and somewhat spoiled Cecily and her older brother Jemmy moving from their comfortable upper-class existence in London to the equally comfortable country home of their uncle, to be safe from bombs that are expected to soon begin falling on London. Their father, who appears to be someone important to the war effort, is left behind in London. Unlike other child evacuees, they are fortunate to be with their mother while other evacuees are taken in by total strangers. Cecily begs her mother for them to take in an evacuee too, and she chooses a young girl close to her own age named May. Cecily expects the younger May to be her little pet, obeying her in everything.
May, however, has a mind of her own, and soon is off exploring the countryside, where she discovers the ruins of an old castle. The castle is inhabited by two young brothers, dressed in fancy, old-fashioned clothes--are they evacuees who have run away from their new home? Or could they be something more amazing--and be somehow connected with the story that Uncle Peregrine tells them (and the reader) in bits and pieces? This story is the history of Richard III and the nephews he imprisoned in the Tower of London. The young princes' story is interwoven with that of the three modern children, all of whom are coping with the war in their own way. Hartnett does not spare the reader from some very vivid descriptions of the London bombings, which are contrasted with the peaceful existence in the countryside.
This is a beautiful and touching war story, with a ghost story woven in for good measure. As you might expect, the two stories intersect in a magical way toward the end of the novel (no spoilers). An afterword with some more information about the young princes in the tower and the London Blitz might have been a good addition, to provide some historical facts and context to go with the uncle's tales.
Recommended for ages 6-12.Patricia Polacco
is one of our great contemporary picture book authors, and specializes in picture books with serious content such as racism, disabilities, and even cancer, making them appropriate for older elementary school readers. In her newest book, which fits in perfectly for Women's History Month, she explores the girlhood of one of the most famous female figures of the 19th century, Clara Barton.
Clara was the fifth child to be born into the Barton family in Massachusetts, and with her mother in ill health, she was virtually raised by her siblings, particularly her older brother Davie, whom she adored. Joyous illustrations in Polacco's signature style show Davie showing Clara how to ride on a horse while she flings her arms in the air in delight. She helped Davie with his chores on the farm, and had an immediate affinity for nature and particularly with animals. But she had a speech impediment that made her shy and afraid of people; because no one understood this sort of problem in that day, her older sister punished her for not speaking correctly. School was a nightmare for her, and finally her parents agreed she could be taught at home. Even as a young girl, Clara had healing hands and neighbors let her treat their farm animals. When Clara's beloved brother Davie breaks both legs in an accident, she becomes his nurse and with her coaxing, urges him back to health, giving him the courage to try to walk again.
This is a touching introduction to a famous woman from history from a unique perspective--her love for her brother. Children will be able to easily identify with Clara's inhibitions, her love for nature, and animals, and her desire to help her brother heal. An author's note tells more about Barton's career as a teacher, nurse, and founder of the American Red Cross. In an intriguing author's note, we learn that Patricia Polacco herself is distantly related to Clara Barton, on her mother's side of the family, and they own a vase which is reputed to once have belonged to Clara Barton herself.
See Mary Ann Scheuer
and Louise Capizzio's
post on Kidlit Celebrates Women's History Month
for more great suggestions on how to pair this book with other resources on Clara Barton.
Recommended for ages 5 and up.
s most recent picture book, Mister and Lady Day
, an ode to jazz great Billie Holiday and her pet dogs, just arrived at my library in time for Women's History Month.
This is Amy's fourth book on prominent female figures in cultural history; she has also penned Me, Frida
(on artist Frida Khalo), Georgia in Hawaii
(on artist Georgia O'Keefe), Imogen
(on photographer Imogen Cunningham). She is currently working on a picture book on sculptor Louise Bourgeois.
Billie Holiday's tragic life. which included working as a prostitute, living in a workhouse with her mother, drug addiction, a prison sentence, and more, might not seem like a natural fit for a picture book for young children, and indeed, this side of Holiday's life does not appear in Novesky's book. Novesky focused instead on Holiday's love for her many dogs, and in particular for her boxer named Mister. Love for a dog, of course, is a theme that children identify easily with, as do many adults (OK, I'm a sucker for a good dog story).
We first meet Billie Holiday as a young girl, dreaming of being a star, singing on a borrowed gramophone. Illustrator Vanessa Brantley Newton
, whose charming illustrations are done with gouache and charcoal with collage elements, depicts Billie in a beautiful setting on a fancy chair, dressed up with a bow in her hair (perhaps a bit fanciful given the realities of her childhood!). The next spread shows her already a star, the great Lady Day. (Illustrated 2-page spreads from the book can be seen on Novesky's website
). Novesky introduces a note of melancholy in the text from the beginning, by explaining that even stars need someone to listen to them, and that's the role Lady Day's dogs played. We meet her small dogs, chihuahuas Pepe and Chiquita, her big dogs (a Great Dane named Gypsy, and finally her favorite dog of all, Mister, who we see in a fabulous illustration, walking with Billie on a leash wearing matching mink coats. Instead of a sidewalk, they are walking on a piano keyboard, with the buildings of New York in the background. Mister had the life of a star himself; he was so pampered he got to eat steak while she was performing in glamorous clubs, and he waited for her while she performed, even serving to keep eager fans at bay.
Novesky tells young readers that "Lady got into trouble. She had to leave home for a year and a day. And Mister couldn't come." In an afterword, she explains that Billie Holiday was in fact in jail during that time for drug possession. When she returned, Mister was there to welcome her, and even accompanied her to a grand concert at New York's Carnegie Hall. The story ends on a hopeful note, with Billie singing her heart out, and Mister listening in the wings.
An author's note gives some more background on Holiday's life, appropriately omitting some of the uglier facts, and provides additional sources and a web resource.
There's no CD with the book, but readers could easily find CD's of Holiday's unique singing style at the library or on YouTube, which would enrich the story.
This is a moving yet charming book about a difficult subject, and could be integrated into units on Black History Month, Women's History Month, or jazz.
Recommended for ages 7-12.
In this picture book for older readers. Tracey Fern
tells the little-known story of Eleanor Prentiss, an extraordinary woman who not only navigated a clipper ship but also set a record for the fastest time from New York to San Francisco, navigating around Cape Horn in a record-breaking 89 days, 21 hours.
If you're an avid movie-goer like I am, you may have seen the two major films this year set at sea, Captain Phillips
and All is Lost
. Such movies always make me think about the "olden days," when sailors navigated by the stars and a sextant. Doesn't it seem incredible? Even more incredible (but true) is the life of Eleanor Prentiss, born the daughter of a sea captain in 1814 and taught everything about ships, including navigation, by her father, perhaps because he had no sons. Certainly this education was highly unusual for a 19th century girl. The sea was in Ellen's blood, and, not surprisingly, she married a sea captain, who took her along on his merchant ships as her navigator.
When Ellen's husband was given command of a new, super-fast clipper ship, Ellen seized the opportunity to get as quickly as possible from New York to the tip of South America to San Francisco and the Gold Rush. Speed was of the essence for those looking for riches in the gold fields of California. The book portrays the considerable dangers of the voyage, including a period when the ship was becalmed (no wind, no movement!) and also the perilous stormy waters of the Cape. Fern does a terrific job of capturing the excitement of the journey, and Ellen's triumph when she sets a world record for the fastest time for this 15,000 mile voyage. The book is greatly enhanced by the beautiful water-color paintings of Caldecott-winning artist Emily Arnold McCully
. The seascapes, and particularly the scenes of storms, are particularly effective. Back matter includes an author's note with further historical information, and suggestions for further reading, both books and websites, a glossary, and end pages which show a map of the Flying Cloud's 1851 Voyage.
Highly recommended for Women's History Month and for those looking for stories of strong, heroic women and girls!
Recommended for ages 12 and up.A Death-Struck Year
is an excellent historical novel for teens from debut author Makiia Lucier
about the 1918 flu epidemic, which continues to fascinate and frighten into the 21st century. As the novel opens, we meet Cleo, a 17-year old orphan who's being raised by her older brother and his wife. She's a student at a ritzy girls' boarding school in Portland when the flu epidemic begins in the United States, but despite the dire news reports about the epidemic striking East Coast cities, she feels safe enough 3000 miles away in Portland.
But when a train filled with soldiers coming home from "The Great War" brings the epidemic to the West Coast, the influenza quickly spreads and Cleo's school is shut down, with girls that have no family at home quarantined at the school. Telling no one that her brother and his wife are out of town, Cleo escapes to her own home, where she lives alone--just for a few days, she thinks, until their housekeeper returns from a trip out of town. But when the epidemic strikes in force, Cleo decides to volunteer with the Red Cross, putting herself in harms' way but feeling a strong pull to help out in some way. This being a YA novel, she meets a handsome young medical student with whom she falls in love. The Red Cross volunteers are not immune to the flu epidemic, despite wearing masks (which did little if nothing to protect them). What will happen to Cleo and her new brave friends?
This is a well-researched and compelling historical novel that will appeal to teens 13 and up. It paints a realistic view of the tragedy of the 1918 flu, which struck particularly hard at healthy young people, as well as children and the elderly. The author does not try to spare the reader's feelings, and be prepared with some tissues to deal with the many tragedies described. Highly recommended, particularly for those teen readers looking beyond the plethora of paranormal and dystopian novels that have been flooding the YA market in the last few years.
A historical note provides further background about the flu epidemic, particularly in the Pacific Northwest.
Women's History Month began on Saturday, March 1. You can learn more about outstanding children's books on women's history by following the 4th annual group blog which I co-organize with fellow blogger/librarian Lisa Taylor, Kidlit Celebrates Women's History Month, Once again we will feature posts from distinguished authors, illustrators, librarians and bloggers, and we invite you to participate in the conversation. This year's contributors will include authors Tonya Bolden, Sandra Neil Wallace and Gretchen Woelfie, librarian Penny Peck, and many others. In addition to the blog, you can also access our content on Facebook, Twitter, and Pinterest. While new content is published only in March, the blog is available all year long as a resource for librarians, parents, and educators. Please join us in our 4th annual celebration! Here at the Fourth Musketeer I will also be highlighting books about women in history this month. Today I will be reviewing Demi's newest book on Florence Nightingale. Demi has published over 150 books during her long career, many of them large format biographical picture books aimed at elementary school-aged students. In addition to their informative text, Demi's biographies showcase her unique artistic style, which features a strong Asian influence, traditional materials, intricate patterns, and vibrant, glowing colors.
When I was a girl in the 1960's and '70's, Florence Nightingale would have been one of the only women from history you would have been likely to find a book on in the children's biography section of your local library, although I would be reasonably certain that I could not have found a biography as beautifully illustrated as this new one. On the end pages and title page, we see Florence as the iconic Lady of the Lamp. The book unfolds in a traditional linear narrative, beginning with Florence's birth and girlhood. She was born into a very wealthy British family, where she had all the advantages of an upper class upbringing. But her interest in nursing and helping others began at a young age; Demi shows us Florence as a little girl playing hospital with her dolls. Her interest in nursing intensified on a family trip to the Continent when in addition to seeing the tourist sights, she visited hospitals and charities. Her parents were opposed to her becoming a nurse, but eventually relented when they saw her commitment.
Demi's text and artwork show Florence's career progressing from working at a hospital for indigent women to her groundbreaking work nursing soldiers in the Crimean War, where she arranged for patients to get healthy food and water and stressed the need for cleanliness. We see Florence wandering the wards at night with her lantern, earning her nickname, The Lady with the Lamp.
Florence worked herself to exhaustion and suffered ill health later in her life. Nonetheless, she continued to work for the poor and downtrodden in society, and inspired the founding of the International Red Cross.
Demi's book not only provides an outline of Florence Nightingale's remarkable life but also considers her legacy as an extraordinary woman in history. Back matter includes a timeline and suggestions for further reading.
This slim but powerful volume is a must for school and public libraries.
Recommended for ages 14 and up.
I first learned about the Grimke sisters of South Carolina through the Kidlit Celebrates Women's History Month
blog, as they were one of the Civil War era women profiled on storyteller Jim Weiss' CD Women in Blue or Gray: True Stories from Both Sides of the Civil War.
I again heard their story in a PBS American Experience documentary aired in 2013, The Abolitionist
s. But neither captured my imagination as completely as Sue Monk Kidd's fascinating new novel, The Invention of Wings
, which focuses on the elder of the Grimke sisters, Sarah, and her slave, Handful.
The Grimke sisters, separated in age by 12 years, were born into a wealthy Charleston slave-owning family, and, like other young Southern women of their class, were expected to study French, drawing and other lady-like pursuits, then make a good match and raise a family. As Kidd tells Sarah's story in the first person, beginning with her girlhood, she never fit into the hole society carved for her.
With her keen intellect, she yearned to become a lawyer like her brother, but her dreams of pursuing a career were ridiculed and then squashed by her family. When presented with a slave on her 11th birthday, she tried to free the young girl, called Handful, but when her father ripped up the manumission papers she soon decided to teach the girl to read--the only sort of freedom she could offer her. When her family found out, she was severely punished--all books were denied her--and so was the slave girl. She takes comfort in the birth of her youngest sister, Angelina, and persuades her mother to make her the child's godmother, and thus begins a close relationship that went considerably beyond sisterly bonds. Angelina, too, develops a horror of slavery, and we discover through the diary-like narrative that the Grimke sisters' destiny does not lay in Charleston, but rather in the North, where they become Quakers and become the first female soldiers for the abolitionist cause. This, we must remember, at a time when the idea of women speaking in public places was unheard of. At the same time, they were among the first to champion women's rights, even more shocking than taking up the cause of slaves. Their scandalous behavior for the time made them famous around the United States. Indeed, their anti-slavery pamphlets, addressed to Southern women, were best-sellers in their time, and were inspirational to Harriet Beecher Stowe in her writing of Uncle Tom's Cabin
In alternating sections, we follow the life of Handful, the slave given to Sarah on her birthday. Handful is a house slave, schooled in sewing like her mother, and becomes indispensable to the household. While her life may have been better than a field slave, she craves for freedom, and pays a cruel price for her longing. Her story is given equal weight to that of the Grimkes, and in an afterword the author describes how while Handful is fictional, she is based loosely on the actual slave that was given to Sarah Grimke on her birthday (although that individual died a few years later). While the Grimkes' house slaves may be fictional, they are well developed characters, and their story is interwoven with a planned slave revolt orchestrated by Denmark Vesey, a free black historical figure who plays a substantial role in the novel.
While this is an adult novel, I would recommend it highly for high school and even middle school students who are interested in US history and women's history. It is extremely well written and provides great insight into life at that time, as well as portraying two amazing sisters who were infamous in their time (described in the novel as the most famous women in the country) but who are sadly practically unknown today. Their inspiring story would also be an excellent choice for a book club.
There are several books for children on the Grimkes, including Sisters Against Slavery: A Story about Sarah and Angelina Grimke
(Stephanie McPherson, 1999) but no picture books. Authors: we need an outstanding new resource on these amazing women!
Author Harper Paris and Little Simon have recently released a new beginning chapter book series, Greetings from Somewhere, which is perfect for those who are graduating from beginning readers like Henry & Mudge or Dr. Seuss and are ready for something a little longer, but not particularly more difficult. The first book weighs in at 118 pages, with very large font and appealing black and white illustrations on every page. These appear to be at an easier reading level than a series like Magic Treehouse, and are well suited to children from 7-9, or even younger, if the child is already reading.
The series starts with The Mystery of the Gold Coin
. It revolves around eight-year old twins Ethan and Ella, who when the series opens are less than thrilled when they discover they are about to leave on what their parents are billing as the adventure of a lifetime--traveling around the world with their mother, a travel writer, and their father, who will be home-schooling the twins during their travels. The twins are more concerned about missing their friends and soccer games. But just before they're supposed to leave, a special gold coin that was a present from their grandpa disappears--leaving the twins to solve the mystery before they have to leave for the airport.
In the second volume, The Mystery of the Mosaic
, the twins and their parents have arrived in Venice, where they can't help but be enchanted by the magical city. But soon they are faced with another mystery, a missing gondola. In true kid detective fashion, Ethan and Ella solve another case--no great surprise there!
This is a gentle yet appealing mystery series with no violence, a chance to learn about some exotic locations (future volumes take place in Paris, Beijing, and Africa) and a little foreign vocabulary (a glossary of foreign words is included). Although I was a bit skeptical of the way the 8-year old twins took off on their own (no parents in the way) in Venice to solve a mystery, I don't think that will bother the young readers who are the target audience for these books.
An excerpt from the series can be found at http://pages.simonandschuster.com/greetings-from-somewhere
, as can related games and activities and information on upcoming releases in the series.
Disclosure: Review copies provided by publisher.
Every Tuesday evening I am responsible for a family storytime for about 50-60 people, ranging from babies and toddlers to school-age children to parents. It's a valuable opportunity not only to entertain and encourage a love of reading, but also to (hopefully) teach something to the audience.
This year I had my second annual Martin Luther King storytime. Dr. King's life and legacy do not lend themselves easily to a crowd of this diversity of ages, but fortunately there are many wonderful books on Dr. King out there to choose from, and more are published each year.
These are the books I shared at this year's storytime:My Daddy, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
by Martin Luther King III is a recent (2013) release from Harper Collins and a welcome addition to the King bibliography. Only 10 when his father was killed, "Marty" tells about what it was like to grow up with the famous Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as your father, in a way that's immediately relatable to children. For example, he and his siblings were begging to go to Funtown, a local amusement park, but Dad never would take them. We then learn that Funtown was open only to whites. His dad was often away, but when he was home he liked to play airplane with Marty, even lifting him on top of the refrigerator (parents, don't try this at home). We see King as a warm, caring man who loved his family. But it wasn't easy to be the son of this great man, and sometimes Marty was afraid to tell kids at school his name, because he knew that his father was hated by many people, even though he never hurt anyone or committed violent acts. At Christmas he and his brother were given toy guns as a gift (we aren't told by whom) but they are made to burn them in a bonfire since guns, even toys, were not permitted in their house. The book ends on a hopeful note with Marty and his sister helping to integrate a local school. An afterword tells of Dr. King's death and speaks briefly of his legacy.
We Shall Overcome: the Story of a Song
, by Debbie Levy
(Jump at the Sun, 2013) is another new release which fits perfectly with Dr. King's birthday. This is not the first children's book devoted to this song, but is the one best suited to be read aloud to young audiences. Unfortunately the book doesn't come with a CD, so I used one of Pete Seeger's versions to play for the audience. The version I used is from Pete Seeger's Greatest Hits
, and was recorded live in concert with a huge crowd singing with him in the background. The book traces the history of the song from slavery days to the present, including how the song was instrumental in the civil rights movement. We see Pete Seeger singing the song for Dr. King, we see President Johnson quoting the words from the song in a television address, how the song spread to different countries fighting for freedom such as South Africa and China, and how the song was sung at the inauguration of our first black president. The book presents a message of hope combined with colorful illustrations which enhance the message of the book.
Dr. Martin Luther King is well known for preaching a message of nonviolence and peace, but peace is not an easy concept to explain to young children. I chose to also share beloved children's author and illustrator Todd Parr
's book on the subject: The Peace Book
(Little Brown, 2009). Each spread offers a different definition of peace, from hugging a friend to keeping the streets clean. The book ends with a celebration of diversity: Peace is being who you are, with Todd Parr's signature children depicted in various primary colors.
Did you know that Dr. King's favorite dessert was pecan pie? And I bet you didn't know that two 11" pies can serve 50+ people--just dish spoonfuls of the delicious mixture into cupcake holders, top with a dollop of whipped cream (or Cool Whip), and voila, you can stretch two pies an amazing distance! Everyone (except a few with nut allergies) relished the delicious treat. After explaining that the dove was a symbol of peace, we concluded with an art activity in which we had prepared a white template of a dove, pre-glued it on blue paper, and provided do-a-dot paints for the children to use to decorate the bird.
Have you done storytimes on Dr. King? Please share your favorites in comments below!
As people all over the world mourn the death of Nelson Mandela, it's a great time to take a look at some of the outstanding books to introduce children and teens to this iconic figure.
But first, I can't resist passing on my favorite of the many tributes to Mandela in the past days, from The Onion
"JONANNESBURG--Following the death of former South African president and civil rights leader Nelson Mandela today at the age of 95, sources confirmed that the revered humanitarian has become the first politician in recorded history to actually be missed." (Note: I can so imagine Mandela chuckling at this one!)
Please consider sharing one or more of these books on one of history's great men with your family or classroom:
|Nelson Mandela (Kadir Nelson)|
Kadir Nelson. Nelson Mandela
( Katherine Tegen Books, 2013). Kadir Nelson's moving text and monumental illustrations are a perfect introduction to Mandela for all ages. This spare picture book presents a brief introduction to the outlines of Mandela's life.Nelson Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom
, Chris Van Wyk, editor. (Flash Point, 2009). A picture book adaptation of Mandela's own autobiography. More information than Kadir Nelson's book, but still suitable for elementary school children.
Floyd Cooper. Mandela: From the Life of the South African Statesman
(Puffin, 2000). Beautifully illustrated picture book for upper elementary school students.
Meg Belviso, Pamela Pollack. Who Was Nelson Mandela?
(Grosset & Dunlap, 2014) A new addition to the highly popular Who Was series, this comes out next June (undoubtedly it will be quickly updated with his passing). This series of brief "chapter book" biographies is great for 3rd grade and up.
Yona Zelda McDonough. Peaceful Protest: The Life of Nelson Mandela
(Walker Children's, 2006). Reviews call this picture book biography "easy to read but engaging."
Barry Denenberg. Nelson Mandela: No Easy Walk to Freedom
(Scholastic, 2014). An updated version of an earlier biography of Mandela, this will go up to his recent passing. Aimed at grades 5-8, this is an in-depth view of Mandela's life for young people.
In addition to these, there are several graphic novels on Mandela, including: Nelson Mandela: The Authorized Comic Book
(2009) from the Nelson Mandela Foundation; Nelson Mandela: The Unconquerable Soul
, by Lewis Helfand, and manga-style Nelson Mandela (Great Figures in History series)
For middle school and high school students, as well as adults, I recommend:Mandela: An Illustrated Autobiography
(Little Brown, 1996), an abundantly illustrated, abridged version (at a very manageable 200 pages) of Mandela's famous autobiography Long Walk to Freedom
On a lighter note, families will enjoy sharing Nelson Mandela's Favorite African Folktale
s, personally selected by Mandela. The stories come from all over Africa and are handsomely illustrated by a variety of artists.
I was fortunate enough to visit the beautiful country of South Africa two years ago and join all Mandela's countrymen in remembering and celebrating a great human being. Rest in peace, Madiba.
Recommended for adults.
Release date: January 23, 2014
Are you a a fan of Patrick Ness
' fantastic Chaos Walking
YA trilogy, or his more recent children's novel, A Monster Calls
? I am, and therefore was excited to have a chance to preview his new adult novel, The Crane Wife
(published in Great Britain in 2013, but due to be published here in 2014). The novel is loosely based on a Japanese folk tale of the same title, (and is also a title of an album by indie band The Decembrists
) but Ness' novel weaves its own unforgettable and unique spell of magic, yearning, love, and loss on the reader.
The main character, George Duncan, is a lonely, divorced middle-aged American living in the London suburbs. He finds his life transformed when he is awoken one night to a mysterious keening noise--a noise like nothing he's ever heard before. To his amazement he discovers in his back yard an injured enormous white crane, with an arrow shot through her wing. Somehow George manages to free the arrow, and the crane flies away into the night.
The next day in his printing store, the mystery continues when a beautiful young foreign woman, Kumiko, comes into his shop, seeking help with her artwork, enigmatic cuttings that seem to be made from pieces of white feathers. George falls hopelessly in love with her, and wants nothing more than to devote his entire self to her, but she remains an enigma, refusing to share with George the details about where she comes from and why she has come into his life. Will she disappear from his life just as suddenly as she entered it?
In order not to spoil the magic of this story, I won't go further into the details of the plot. Suffice it to say that the book mixes fantasy and reality in a bittersweet way. Where the two intersect is up to you--what is real and what is make believe? What is love? Read this magical novel to find out more!
The Inspiration Behind Ro, my Heroic Coyote
Guest Post by Helen Sedwick
|Author Helen Sedwick|
You might think a dog inspired me to create a coyote character, but actually it was a cat.
When I was writing COYOTE WINDS, a stray or feral kitten moved into our yard. About four months old, he darted past my window several times a day with a vole dangling from its mouth. He was thin, skittish and scruffy.
I put out cat food, and the kitten hid in the bushes until I stepped away. Then he raced to the bowl and ate as fast as he could. Every day, I stood closer to the bowl until finally the kitten had to let me touch him before he could eat. To my surprise, and probably to his, the kitten was as hungry for touch as he was for kibble. Within days, he was pressing hard against my hand, rolling his head so I could scratch his favorite spots, purring deeply. Reminded that even animals want to be loved, I was inspired to create Ro, the coyote of COYOTE WINDS.
At the opening of the novel, Ro, as a young pup, is caught outside in a dust storm. When thirteen-year old Myles finds him hours later, the pup is half-buried and limp from dehydration. So much grit has worked its way under one eyelid, it is swollen shut. Myles nurses the pup back to health, and they form the strong bond that so often connects a boy and his dog, or in this case, his coyote.
When I wrote the chapters in Ro’s perspective, I tried to observe the world simply and without judgment, as I imaged an animal would do. His motivations are immediate--hunger, fear and the need to belong. I wanted to capture the canine’s sense of play as Ro befriends the hog Spark Plug and “flies” in the back of the pickup truck.
But Ro, like any interesting character, struggles with conflicts. He straddles the worlds of nature and man, accepted by neither. As much as he loves Myles, when he hears the wild coyotes Ro’s heart aches for the physical romp of the pack--shouldering his brothers in fake battles and sleeping in bundles of fur. But wild coyotes see him as a rival and attack him. When Ro skirts the farms of men, he hears bullets hiss through the grass around him.
Mid-way through the novel, Myles drives Ro away because he fears the settled land has become too dangerous for the coyote. But Ro has nowhere else to go. He hovers nearby, watching as machines, fences, and dust take the place of grasses, mesquite and sage. He wants to warn the boy of a danger he senses, but doesn’t understand. Ro’s perspective gave me a way to observe the changing world without the overlay of human ambition to control it.
COYOTE WINDS is set on the western prairie in the years leading up to the Dust Bowl. Many people do not know that the Dust Bowl was one of the worse man-made environmental disasters in history. Believing in the modern technology of the tractor and fertilizers, farmers plowed up dry, marginal land the size of Ohio in the 1920s. When drought hit in the 1930s, those vast acres of turned soil were lifted by the prairie winds, and the Dust Bowl was born. Ro provide me a way to describe that history through different eyes.
The longer I worked on COYOTE WINDS, the more I fell in love with Ro. He embodies my themes about loyalty to a person, a family, and a dream, and whether loyalty has limits.
By the way, coyotes have been successfully tamed in real life. Shreve Stockton, a writer and photographer in Wyoming, has a wonderful website about Charlie, her coyote which she adopted when he was ten days old.
About that little kitten in our yard. He has grown into a Budda-bellied, lushly-coated lap-lover who tolerates our dog’s overly enthusiastic affection and sleeps inside on cold nights. And he reciprocates our love by leaving slightly munched voles on the front steps. His name is Tomas.
Helen, thanks so much for contributing a guest post to The Fourth Musketeer. I will think of Ro every time I see a coyote roaming around our Southern California neighborhood!
Recommended for ages 10 and up.
I live in a very urban area of Southern California, but one with a healthy population of coyotes. It's not at all uncommon to see one loping down the street while you're out walking your dog, no matter what the time of day or evening. And in the early evening, you can hear them calling to each other if you're in the right place at the right time. Although coyotes are common enough throughout the United States, there aren't many children's books about them. So I was intrigued to read Coyote Winds,
which combines two of my favorite genres, animal stories and historical fiction.
Helen Sedwick's novel alternates between the stories of two boys, Andy, a suburban kid in Evanston, Illinois, and his grandfather Myles, who grew up during the Dust Bowl on the Colorado prairies. Andy has grown up with grandpa's stories about growing up on a farm during the Depression, as well as his corny jokes; now that his grandpa has recently died, Andy wants to discover his grandpa's world. First he does so through a box of mementos and writings from his grandfather, and later first-hand by traveling to the old homestead.
Through Myles' story, Sedwick skillfully recreates the Colorado prairies, where farmers believed that with enough hard work and modern farming methods, they could realize the American dream of prosperity for themselves and their families. Or is the prairie the farmer's enemy, trying to take back what belongs to it? Myles' story starts in 1930, when as a thirteen-year old, he rescues a half-blind coyote pup who's lost in a dust storm, taking the coyote home to raise. Coyotes were the enemies of the farmers, who shot them if they caught them near their livestock. Nonetheless, Myles is determined to raise and tame the pup, much like his father is trying to tame the wild prairie landscape. Sedgwick occasionally switches gears to narrate the action from the point of view of the coyote, who she is careful not to treat as a human character, but instead as an animal who remains half-wild.
Sedwick's novel succeeds in capturing the imagination of the reader with appealing characters, the spirit of adventure in the West, and the adversity of life during the Dust Bowl. We see this through the eyes of Andy, Myles' grandson, who stands in for the young reader. It's a novel I had a hard time putting down.
Helen Sedwick's novel was inspired by her father's stories of growing up on the prairie in the 1930's. An excerpt from the novel can be found at her website.
|from The Daily Coyote (dailycoyote.net)|
For a novel offering a completely different take on a coyote's story, you might want to check out adult novelist Elmore Leonard's very funny children's novel, A Coyote in the House
, in which a coyote wants to trade places with a pampered German Shepherd movie star.
I am pleased to share with my readers today a charming new book just in time for Hanukkah, The Eighth Menorah
, written by Lauren L. Wohl and illustrated by Laura Hughes
. An autographed copy is available to one of my lucky readers courtesy of publisher Albert Whitman & Company (just leave a comment with your e-mail for a chance to win).
In this picture book, young Sam is looking forward to Hanukkah in a few weeks, but when he and his Hebrew school friends make homemade menorahs for family gifts, Sam is not sure what to do--his family already has seven menorahs at home. He's sure they have no need of another one! But by the first night of Hanukkah, Sam has found a perfect solution to his problem, one that involves his beloved Grammy.
Lauren Wohl has created a heartwarming story about family that many children will identify with. When I was growing up, we had only one menorah in our house, but in my own home, we have at least seven, including one shaped like a hippopotamus that I purchased as a Jewish museum in Cape Town, South Africa! So I can easily understand the dilemma for young Sam--how many menorahs does one family need? But a gift made with love will always find a home somewhere. The story includes a brief summary of the story of Hanukkah, as told by Sam's Hebrew school teacher Ms. Zuckerman; this background provides some context for non-Jewish readers. The colorful, child-like art work provides a perfect complement to the text.
For more great Hanukkah books, check out The Fourth Musketeer's top Hanukkah selections
from 2012 and Stacey Shubitz's post from The Nerdy Book Club
on her top 10 Hanukkah books. There's such a great selection these days--it's not for nothing that the Jews are known as The People of the Book! PLEASE ENTER BELOW TO WIN THIS BOOK FOR YOUR OWN HOME OR LIBRARY! A WINNER WILL BE SELECTED ON NOVEMBER 26, 2014.
It's my pleasure to welcome to my blog today author Vicki Wittenstein, whose new book, For the Good of Mankind? tells the difficult but important history of human medical experimentation in a format suitable for middle school or high school students. With the onset of the Common Core, Wittenstein's book is exactly the type of well-researched, provocative, and stimulating narrative non-fiction that teachers and libraries will be needing to put into students' hands. Vicki was kind enough to answer some questions about her new book for The Fourth Musketeer.
Please leave a comment below with your e-mail address for a chance to win this fascinating new book! (U.S. and Canada only, please)
1) What made you interested in writing a book for young people on the challenging topic of human medical experimentation?
Before writing for children and young adults I was an Assistant District Attorney in Manhattan. Injustices have always angered me, particularly when powerless people are taken advantage of, whether because of lack of education, poverty, mental capacity, race, sex—or as in the case with human medical experimentation, all of the above. The past ethical abuses of human medical experimentation inflicted pain, humiliation, and even death to so many people without a voice. I wanted readers to hear the voices, debate the issues, and never forget about these people.
I also enjoy writing and teaching about history. A discussion of human medical experimentation necessitates following a span of hundreds of years, from ancient times to the present. So readers can absorb important historical events throughout time. But alongside the facts, they can also gain an understanding of how society’s ethics and morals reflected the time periods and changed accordingly. For example, the brutal and inhumane experimentation of African Americans during the nineteenth century would not have occurred without the institution of slavery.
How can society learn from past mistakes? How will readers face present day ethical challenges, not only in science and medicine, but in whatever field they pursue? These are the questions I continue to think about and that inspired my writing.
2) In your book, you discuss the early history of medical experiments on humans, including research on slaves, children, prisoners, soldiers, and others. Many of these stories will surprise contemporary readers. Was there a particular experiment that you learned of during your research that you found most shocking?
Before researching the book, I had no idea about the secret U.S. government radiation experiments that occurred during the Cold War. Manhattan Project scientists furiously at work developing the atomic bomb didn’t understand the effects of radiation on the human body. They authorized hundreds of secret experiments on unknowing people. I was very disturbed by these experiments. Manhattan Project physicians injected plutonium into eighteen people who randomly ended up in hospitals under their care. Imagine how betrayed you would feel if you were one of those people or a family member! Hundreds of pregnant women at a Vanderbilt University clinic drank a tonic they thought was good for their unborn babies, but turned out to be laced with radioactive iron. And the list of abuses goes on . . . .
3) How would you compare the medical experiments done by Nazi physicians in the concentration camps to human medical research before that time?
Earlier experiments in the U.S. were most often part of a general quest for understanding. Doctors were desperate for cures and treatments for deadly diseases, like smallpox and polio. That being said, though, doctors often pushed the boundary between ethical and unethical practices, and many people were harmed.
In the nineteenth century, African American slaves were often bought just for the purpose of experimentation, and they suffered tremendous pain and humiliation. It’s incredibly difficult to even fathom this kind of degrading and inhumane treatment. And without a doubt, we continue to bear the scars in our collective conscious.
Yet, as tragic as many of the experiments were before World War II, the Nazi horrors raised the bar on inhumanity to unprecedented heights. Earlier medical experiments in the U.S. were never part of a government-sponsored program to annihilate an entire group of people. The Nazi goal of exterminating all the Jews and other so-called “inferior” people granted doctors the freedom to do whatever they pleased with concentration camp inmates. In fact, as far as the Nazi doctors were concerned, dead bodies were often more useful than live bodies: cadavers then could be dissected to observe the ravages from experimentation.
4) You point out in your book that despite legislation to protect the rights of human subjects, there are many possibilities for abuse, particularly in research done by American companies abroad, where there are typically fewer safeguards. After your research, do you feel the whole system is fundamentally flawed because it relies on the profit motive?
No question about it, the profit motive is a big issue. Pharmaceutical companies experiment abroad because it’s cheaper and because government officials don’t monitor clinical trials as closely as they do in the U.S. But I don’t think the system is fundamentally flawed.
The hallmarks of the Common Rule require that subjects give voluntary and informed consent, that experiments maximize the subjects’ benefits and limit their harm, and that subjects represent a diverse range of the population. Researchers are required to balance the individual’s right to be free from harm with the need for medical advancement. So ethical conduct hinges on how researchers and companies interpret and follow the enacted legislation and how the research is monitored. Fairness rests in large part with the companies who conduct the research, the Institutional Review Boards who authorize and set guidelines, and the watchdog government agencies. Given the thousands of clinical trials conducted every year, it’s amazing that the system even works as well as it does.
5) While reading your book, I couldn't help but wonder about your feelings about medical research on animals, who are unable to give consent but still are widely used in many drug experiments. Please comment.
This is a difficult question for me. I love animals, and personally, I could never inflict harm on animals or people. Yet, animal experimentation is critical for medical advancement, and is usually the first step before human experimentation. But experimentation on animals must be humane. Although my book doesn’t address animal experimentation per se, I did explain the role of antivivisectionists in the 1800s. They opposed experimentation on all living creatures, and their strong stance helped shape humane policies for ethical experimentation on people. Just as it was important to hear the voices of antivivisectionists then, it’s critical to listen to those against animal experimentation today. Ultimately, a balanced legal and ethical framework for animal experimentation (and all medical experimentation) stems from a continued debate on what constitutes humane practices.
Thanks so much, Vicki! For more on Vicki and her new book, check out her other blog tour stops:
I am delighted to participate in a special blog tour celebrating the launch of beloved British children's author Jacqueline Wilson's most recent titles in ebook format in the United States. As part of the launch, Random House is sponsoring a Rafflecopter giveaway to win a mini ipad! To enter, you can do one of the following: answer the question, "if you win, which of the new Jacqueline Wilson ebooks will read first? OR follow @JWilsonebooks on Twitter, OR Tweet "Win a mini iPad +10 ebooks from the UK's bestselling middle grade author Jacqueline Wilson @jwilsonebooks. Here's a link to the rest of the blog tour stops if you want to check them out as well.
Jacqueline Wilson is not nearly as well known in the US as she is "across the pond," so if you're not familiar with her, I'd like to tell you a little about her distinguished career in children's fiction. In Britain she's known as the most popular writer for girls aged 7-15, and she's sold over 35 million copies of her books in the UK alone. She served as the Children's Laureate from 2005-7 and was knighted by the Queen (or is it "damed" for a woman?) for her services to literacy in school. Her books feature universal themes such as family life, friendship, and bullying that make them appropriate for children all over the world, and her stories are noted for their unique blend of realism and humor.
While most of her stories are contemporary, Wilson has written a number of historical titles as well. Today I'm going to focus on her series of books which take place in Victorian England. They feature an indomitable foundling, Hetty Feather, who's starred in three novels: Hetty Feather
, Sapphire Battersea
, and Emerald Star
. (Links will take you to Wilson's new US website, which showcases new book trailers, excerpts from the books, and more).
Hetty's saga was partly inspired by Jacqueline Wilson's time as a fellow at the Foundling Museum, a museum telling the story of the Foundling Hospital
. Our heroine, Hetty, narrates her own saga in an unforgettable voice that immediately endears her to the reader. Although our story begins in London in 1873, with her bright red hair, fiery temper, and her romantic inclinations, Hetty has much in common with another beloved heroine of children's literature, Anne of Green Gables. Hetty, abandoned as an infant by her mother at the Foundling Hospital, was not to be at the hospital for long--stuffed into a large basket, she was carried away to the countryside, where she is raised as a foster child by kindly Peg and an assortment of foundling brothers and sisters. She's especially close to her big foster brother Jem. Jem even sneaks Hetty into a traveling circus, where we see Hetty's romantic nature in full force. Hetty meets Madame Adeline, a glamorous circus performer who Hetty becomes convinced must be her mother when Madame Adeline picks her to ride on her horse with her in the circus ring.
But at the tender age of five, Hetty meets her cruel fate--she is returned to the Foundling Hospital to be educated and raised there until she is old enough to secure a respectable job as a serving girl. Life at the hospital is hard--bullies abound, but Hetty learns to hold her own, and some of the staff are kind to her, especially the kitchen maid, Ida. On the day of Queen Victoria's Jubilee, Hetty and the other foundlings have a special treat in store--an outing to the festivities. For Hetty, it's a chance to see the Queen, and maybe to find Madame Adeline and her own mother. What adventures will our feisty heroine have...and will she return to the Foundling Hospital?
If you fall in love with Hetty Feather in her first book, as I know most people will, do not despair--you can follow her further adventures as she grows up in two sequels, Sapphire Battersea
and Emerald Star.
In Sapphire Battersea,
Hetty is 14, has discovered who her mother really is, and begins the life the Foundling Hospital has prepared her for--as a scullery maid. But fate has other things in store for Hetty--including a stint as a "pocket-sized mermaid" in a freak show. And in the third book of the trilogy, Hetty seeks out her father--and a place where she will finally feel at home. A companion novel to the Hetty Feather series, Diamond
, has just been released this year as well.
I look forward to recommending Jacqueline Wilson's books to young readers at my library. The Hetty Feather series is a great choice for anyone who enjoys a story filled with everything from humor, adventure, and friendship to sadness and loss. You will definitely be touched by her story!
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Recommended for ages 12 and up.
Teenagers are fascinated by fame and the lure of Hollywood. This phenomenon, of course, is nothing new, and in this historical novel set in the 1930's, author Rachel Shukert recreates the golden age of Hollywood for today's teen readers. Our heroine, Margaret Frobisher, is a Pasadena debutante from a conservative old money family who loves going to the pictures and following the stars in the Hollywood gossip magazines. When she's "discovered" at a Hollywood drugstore counter and invited to come to the (fictional) Olympic Studios for a screen test, her dreams are about to come true, or so it seems. But things are not that simple--her parents are horrified at her decision and want nothing to do with her--proper society young ladies are certainly not supposed to make a career on the silver screen. So she moves into the studio system, where she gets a new name, Margo Sterling, lives at the studio with other underage stars, and meets celebrities she only dreamed of in the past, including the dashing Dane Forrest (who appears to have been modeled on Clark Gable).
Shukert does a great job of evoking the days of the great Hollywood studios, when plump young starlets were put on amphetamines to slim down and then sleeping pills to let them sleep, gay men had to be completely in the closet to protect their image, and studio chiefs were in charge of everything to do with the stars' lives, down to who they would date and even marry. Margo soon learns that fame is not all it's cracked up to be. Her idol, actress Diana Chesterfield, has disappeared, and Margo is cast in her place in a historical drama. But what has really happened to Diana? Several subplots are featured in this novel as well, including one involving a girl with a shady past as a paid escort who wants desperately to go "straight," and another subplot about Margo's studio friend Gabby (modeled on Judy Garland), who sinks into a world of drug abuse brought on by the studio bosses.
For those of us who grew up watching the great MGM musicals, many of these tropes will be familiar, but I suspect they are not familiar at all to today's teens, who will probably not even recognize the famous figures who are behind Shukert's fictional characters. This is clearly the first in a series, and should appeal to girls who'd like to explore the meaning of fame in another era--one without cell phone cameras and 24 hour news cycles.