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InÂ Hammer of WitchesÂ fourteen-year-old bookmakerâs apprentice Baltasar, pursued by a secret witch-hunting arm of the Inquisition, joins Columbusâs expedition to escape and discovers secrets about his own past that his family had tried to keep hidden. In this BookTalk, Shana Mlawski shares her views on Christopher Columbus, working with students and what sheâd wish for if she had three wishes.
Hammer of WitchesÂ deals with some hard topics (rape, abandonment, war, and torture). What do you hope readers take away fromÂ Hammer of Witches?
Shana Mlawski:Â When I was first outliningÂ Hammer of Witches, I knew I wanted it to be an epic adventure about sorcerers in 1492 Spain, and thatâs what it is. I didnât go in thinking, âOh, boy! I canât wait to write about rape and torture!â It was more like, âOkay, itâs going to be about this wisecracking kid and a girl genie and a dragon and a golem andâŠâ
But history is history. Iâm not going to whitewash it. We have plenty of people doing that already. In the year of 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blueâand Spain conquered Moorish Granada, the Inquisition tortured people, the decimation of TaĂno civilization began, and the worldâs largest Jewish population was sent into exile. Itâs a complex, fascinating era, but itâs a tragic era, as well. Ultimately, though,Â Hammer of WitchesÂ is an optimistic book. Itâs about that moment when you accept that the world is more complicated than you were led to believe, and itâs at that moment you can start trying to make a difference.
Do you feel like schools glorify Christopher Columbus and his discovery of the New World? Do you think schools need to paint a more accurate portrayal of his journey to students?
SM:Â The fact that we use the word âdiscoveryâ shows how skewed our view of the voyages can be. I prefer âcontactâ and âconquest,â words that remind us weâre talking about two groups: the European explorers and the TaĂno living in the Caribbean at the time. If you ask me, the TaĂno side of the story needs to get much more play in classrooms and in the media.
Iâd also prefer if teachers stopped asking whether Columbus is a hero or a monster, as if those are the only two options. When we answer âhero,â we disappear the TaĂno from history or write off their struggle as unimportant. To argue the âmonsterâ side, we often pretend the TaĂno were passive (if noble and pure) victims. The story is so much more complicated than that, and so much more interesting. History is only useful to us when we remember itâs about humans like us, not cartoons.
Baltasar befriends a genie inÂ Hammer of Witches, who, unfortunately, canât grant wishes. If you met a genie who could grant you three wishes, what would you wish for and why?
SM:Â Oh, Iâm not going to fall for this one. Iâve seen and read enough âMonkeyâs Pawâ-type stories to get involved with a genie. Next thing I know Iâll be sitting in a post-apocalyptic library with my glasses broken and no one left alive to fix them.
How has working directly with middle and high school students impacted the kind of stories you want to share with YA readers?
SM:Â My teaching experience has definitely sharpened my desire to tell stories about characters from different backgrounds. When I was a young nerd-in-training, most of the available fantasy books were about white, Christian kids in the U.S., Britain, or U.K.-inspired settings (the big exception being Ursula K. LeGuinâs Earthsea series). Although Iâm white, those monochrome stories never reflected my experience as a child growing up in the New York Metro area. When I started teaching and tried to recommend books to my students, I saw how little things had changed. A black boy wanting to read about a kid who looked like him usually had to go for a âproblemâ book about drug use or gang violence, even if he wanted a sword-and-sorcery adventure. A girl looking for a Latina protagonist could find a book about the immigrant experience but not one about, say, sexy vampires. Thatâs why Iâm not sucking up when I say I love that Lee & Low and Tu Books exist, and Iâm incredibly proud to be part of the gang.
Did you have a favorite hero or heroine in a fantasy/sci-fi novel that inspires your writing?
SM:Â I donât actively model my characters on heroes or heroines from other books, but that doesnât mean inspiration doesnât slip in from time to time. It does, but I usually donât notice until long after Iâve finished writing the story. This time around, it occurred to me that the relationship between Baltasar and Catalina has a lot in common with the Taran/Eilonwy relationship in Lloyd AlexanderâsChronicles of PrydainÂ (although Bal has some Fflewddur Fflam in him, too). In any event, Iâm cool with the connection, becauseÂ Hammer of WitchesÂ is meant to be a play onÂ Prydain-like stories. Itâs what happens when you take that old quest story, brush off the dust, and stick it in the real world in 1492.
Shana Mlawski is a native New Yorker who writes educational materials and tutors middle and high school students. She has written more than a hundred articles for the pop culture website OverthinkingIt.com, some of which have been featured in The Atlantic Monthly, The Guardian, The Huffington Post, and Ms. magazine. She graduated cum laude from Yale with a B.A. in English with a concentration in creative writing, and received a masterâs in education from Columbia University Teachers College. Hammer of Witches is her first novel.
Next Monday is Columbus Day, but in recent years, there’s been a movement to abolish Columbus Day and replace it with Indigenous Peoples’ Day.Â Columbus Day occupies a dubious spot in our nationâs calendar, ostensibly commemorating both the âdiscoveryâ of the Americas by Christopher Columbus and the subsequent destruction and enslavement of countless indigenous people. Today we’re pleased to share this guest post from educator and writer Tami Charles on rethinking how we acknowledge Columbus Day.
As children, we probably have all commemorated Columbus Day by singing the popular rhyme:
In fourteen hundred ninety-two,
Columbus sailed the ocean blue.
He had three ships and left from Spain.
He sailed through sunshine, wind, and rain.
Singing this song typically initiated elementary lessons on Christopher Columbus and his âdiscoveryâ of the Americas. This was sometimes followed by a coloring activity of the three ships: the NiĂ±a, Pinta, and Santa Maria, which often led to decorating feathered headbands as a symbol of the friendship between Columbus and the Native Americans he encountered on his voyages. This whitewashed version of history often overshadows the brutal truth: Christopher Columbus led numerous devastating movements against Indigenous peoples. Additionally, his voyages played a large part in the growth of the transatlantic slave trade.
Teachers of students in the lower grades may or may not touch upon such controversial topics when discussing this famous segment of American history. But how exactly is Columbusâs legacy addressed in middle and high schools today? Are schools inclined to teach from both the Anglo-American and the Indigenous viewpoints?
American Indian activist Winona LaDuke notably stated in Conquest: Sexual Violence and American Indian Genocide, âMovements for change, movements to make us well, to create healthy societiesâwhether tribal or Americanâare grounded in healing, are grounded in honesty.â
As such, it is imperative for educators to teach from a place of truth, be it easy or uncomfortable. The truth is that while Columbus was known for his expert navigational skills in travelling to the New World, the indigenous people suffered at the hands of this exploration.
Upon first encountering the native people of the Americas, on October 12, 1492, Christopher wrote the following in his journal: âThey should be good servantsÂ .Â .Â .Â . I, our Lord being pleased, will take hence, at the time of my departure, six natives for your Highnesses.â Columbus lived up to his promise, eventually capturing six natives and parading them around the streets of Spain. On October 14, 1492, Columbus also wrote, “with fifty men they can all be subjugated and made to do what is required of them.” It is clear that Columbus had domination in mind, and he proved this after his second voyage, when he captured 1,200 native people to be sold as slaves in Spain. The rest, as they say, is history. As Columbus claimed land for Spain, the freedom and lives of the indigenous people were taken as well.
A culturally reflective teacher will expose students to literature that speaks to both sides of this history and allow them to develop their own hypotheses.
If we are to acknowledge Columbus Day, it cannot be done without acknowledging Indigenous Peopleâs Day, too. Exploring both stories is a must if we are to develop students into citizens who are capable of critical thinking. We can begin by evaluating the following trusted links to resources, lesson plans, and articles:
Middle and high school students typically have the prior knowledge of Columbusâs famous expeditions, dating back to lessons taught in elementary school. Yet, according to an ongoing survey by the Cooperative Childrenâs Book Center, Native Americans are among the least represented groups in childrenâs and young adult literature. For these reasons, there is a heightened need to bring in rich texts that reflect Native voices to stand alongside the mono-cultural, Eurocentric texts that are prevalent in many classroom libraries today.
Consequently, Hammer of Witches by Shana Mlawski is the type of novel that could spark deep conversation about this very subject. Hammer of Witches is a historical fantasy layered in rich cultural references dating back to the Columbus expedition era. After witnessing the murder of his uncle and aunt, young Baltasar Infante sets out to find his father, but unexpectedly finds himself travelling west with CristĂłbal ColĂłn, historically known as Christopher Columbus. Throughout the novel, a prophecy looms that a dark force will journey west and destroy the New World. (Hmmm, we wonder who that can be?)
Filled with magic and Old World tales, the novel itself challenges the meaning of âhistory,â in that one story can have multiple interpretations. The reader isnât swayed to believe that Christopher Columbus destroyed an ancient civilization. On the contrary, readers are also not forced to think that the Indigenous people willingly surrendered their land to a complete stranger. It is here, on this level of objective reflection, where the novel shines! In turn, these are the exact ideals teachers should impart upon their students when discussing the upcoming holidays.
Using this novel as an anchor text, here are some learning activities teachers can use to add to the conversation of Columbus Day and Indigenous Peopleâs Day. Each can be scaffolded to align with the Common Core State Standards for grades six through twelve:
Using a graphic organizer, identify the religious and ethnic conflicts presented in the text. Present your findings to the class in the form of a team debate. Highlight any similarities or differences between the conflicts of the past and the conflicts of today. (Common Core State Standard.ELA-LITERACY.RL.9-10.6)
Compare and contrastâUse a Venn Diagram to identify key components of the story of Christopher Columbus as itâs presented in more juvenile texts, versus what youâve learned from Hammer of Witches. Be sure to identify similarities, if any are noted. Present your findings to the class. (Common Core State Standard.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.9)
Citing text evidence, analyze the overarching theme of the novel Hammer of Witches. Create a Power Point presentation to visually reflect how this theme is developed over the course of the text. (Common Core State Standard.ELA-LITERACY.RL.9-10.2)
State your case! Research primary and secondary resources to justify whether schools should acknowledge Columbus Day or Indigenous Peopleâs Day (or both). Present your case before a mock panel of school board members. (Common Core State Standard.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.9)
Interested in more books that highlight indigenous voices and the power of story? Take a look at some of our recommendations below:
Under the Mesquite by Guadalupe Garcia McCall: When the matriarch of a close-knit Mexican American family falls ill, Lupita must find a way to navigate through the pain and keep her family afloat.
Killer of Enemies by Joseph Bruchac: Lozen is a seventeen-year-old Apache hunter with one mission in life: to kill the genetically engineered monsters that threaten human life.
Summer of the Mariposas by Guadalupe Garcia McCall: A retelling of The Odyssey in which five sisters must fight evil on their journey home from Mexico.
Trail of the Dead by Joseph Bruchac: The second installment of Killer of Enemies, in which Lozen must find refuge for her family from the despotic Ones. Little does she know, new monsters and secrets await her in this new world.
Shame the Stars by Guadalupe Garcia McCall: A reimagined tale of Romeo and Juliet, set against the backdrop of the Mexican Revolution.
*Guadalupe Garcia McCall identifies as Mexican American. We have included her books here as an acknowledgement of indigenous Mexican voices, as childrenâs literature scholar Debbie Reese notesÂ here.Â
You can also browse our Indigenous Peopleâs Day/Columbus Day YA Collection by clicking here.
Teaching our children about the power of story is not a responsibility that lies solely in the hands of the educator. At home, parents can create discussion and spark critical reflection, too. In these pivotal moments, we can all celebrate the undying spirit of indigenous people, who in the face of oppression, have continually risen above to keep their cultures, their honor, and their stories alive. So, how will you acknowledge Columbus Day and Indigenous Peopleâs Day? Let us know in the comments below!
Hanke, Lewis (1949). The Spanish struggle for justice in the conquest of America. Philadelphia, PA: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Nguyen, Tram (2009). Language is a Place of Struggle: Great Quotes by People of Color. Boston, MA: Beacon Press. (p. 174.)
For fourteen years, Tami Charles served as a public school educator but now writes full time. Her middle grade novel, Like Vanessa, debuts with Charlesbridge in spring, 2018. She is represented by Lara Perkins of the Andrea Brown Literary Agency.
We can hardly believe how fast the year is flying by! Memorial Day weekend is just around the corner, which means summer is officially here. We’re looking forward to nice weather, beaches, and of course, our new titles out this month!
We’re very excited to introduce our new May releasesÂ – there’s sure to be something for everyone!
By Sylvia Liu, illus. by Christina Forshay
Hardcover, 32 pages
Ages 5 to 8
A curious and active ChineseÂ American girl spends the day learning tai chi from her grandfather, and in turn tries to teach him how to do yoga. Winner of our New Voices Award.
“Debut author Liu scores with a sweet story about the joys of intergenerational relationships. The love between the two shines through in both text and illustrations. A fine example of contemporary multicultural literature.” —Kirkus Reviews
By Gwendolyn Hooks, illus. by Colin Bootman
Hardcover, 32 pages
Ages 7 to 12
The life story of Vivien Thomas, an African American surgical technician who developed the first procedure used to perform open-heart surgery on children.
“Beyond the crucial message ofÂ perseverance and spotlight on prejudiced attitudes that still resonate today, this middle-grade picture bookÂ illuminates the life of little-known man whose innovations continue to be essential to modern medicine.” Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â —Booklist,Â starred review
By Kimberly Reid
Hardcover, 384 pages
Ages 12 and up
Andrea Faraday, a society girl with a sketchy past, leads a crew of juvie kids in using their criminal skills for good.
“Crime, intrigue, and deceit abound in this novel about a biracial teen embracing her criminal instincts in order to thwart a treacherous plot. Gripping, suspenseful, and refreshingly diverse.” Â Â —Kirkus Reviews, starred review
The New Visions Award, given annually by our Tu Books imprint,Â honors a middle grade or young adult novel for young readers by an author of color who has not previously published a novel for that age group. It was established to encourage new talent and to offer authors of color a chance to break into a tough andÂ predominantly white market.
In addition to our New Visions Award Winner and Honor, this year there were three New Visions Award finalists:Â Alex BrownÂ (Hate Crime),Â Hilda BurgosÂ (The Castle of Kings), andÂ Elizabeth StephensÂ (The Rougarou). Below, they shareÂ their writing experience, what inspires them, and what they hope readers will take away from their stories.Â We are thrilled to introduce readers to these talentedÂ writers and can’t wait to see howÂ their careers take shape!
Could you tell us about your story?
Elizabeth Stephens:The Rougarou has been a work in progress for several years now. I drafted the first version of this manuscript my freshman year of college, though it has taken on a life of its own since! In particular, my study abroad experience in Paris, France in 2012 helped shape the details of this novel as did later work experience in Geneva, Switzerland. Whenever I reread my own book, it provides me with a sense of nostalgia â a straight shot of Paris.Â The infusion of Cajun folklore into the story, I adopted only very recently. I am a native French speaker because I grew up in West Africa and knew that I wanted my main characterâs roots to be francophone. At the same time, I have been deeply interested in Louisiana culture since I was thirteen years old and first read Anne Riceâs Interview with the Vampire.
Hilda Burgos: The eleven year-old protagonist of my story, Ana Maria Reyes (Anamay), has a few things in common with me: she has three sisters, her parents are from the Dominican Republic, and she is growing up in the New York City neighborhood of Washington Heights. I first created Anamay about twenty years ago when I drafted a picture book manuscript about a six year-old girl who was nervous about the impending birth of a new sibling. Then I learned about a chapter book contest, and decided that Anamayâs story could be expanded to include the culture shock I experienced when I was ten years old and first visited the Dominican Republic.
Alex Brown: My mother immigrated to the US from the Philippines in the 1980s. She left an entire country behind in order to come here and be a nurse. The US has a long history of recruiting nurses from the Philippines, and from what I can tell, it started after the Spanish-American War, with the Pensionado Act of 1903 (wherein certain Filipino citizens came to the US to study).Â I took a little bit of what she experienced when she first arrived here, and built upon some of the obstacles she faced (including how incredibly badass she is for raising two kids as a single parent in a new country). I also drew from my own experiences growing up â the discord that happens between my main character and her parents when she chooses not to believe the legitimate folktales they tell her â reflects a lot of my feelings as a kid.
Is there anything in particular you hope readers take away from this story?
ES: I certainly hope that readers enjoy the elements of the story that I had most fun crafting: the romance between Chandelle and Reno, the setting in modern day Paris, and the fantastical elements reminiscent of Southern lore never forgotten.
HB: When I was a child there werenât many books about kids like me: kids who lived in apartment buildings in a city, who spoke one language at home and another one in school, who had frizzy hair and dark complexions. I always looked for something familiar in the books I read. I hope that readers learn something new and expand their worlds when they read about Anamay, and that this knowledge helps them as they meet new people in their lives. I also hope that readers who share some of Anamayâs experiences find comfort in the familiarity of some of the scenes. Most importantly, I hope that readers enjoy the story and are inspired to read more and more books.
AB: I hope that people will start to think about the impact they can have on others. We live in this society where certain things â stereotypes, prejudices, hatred â are way more insidious than they have any right to be. But, with all of the bad, thereâs still the possibility that anyone, anywhere, can stand up for whatâs right. Iâd also feel quite accomplished if people took a moment to pause and think about all of the obstacles and daily struggles that await anyone who immigrates to America. Thereâs something to be said about the unquantifiable amount of bravery, hope, and grit that it takes to leave oneâs whole world behind, all to start a new life in an unfamiliar (and, at times, unfriendly) place.
Is there anything about your writing experience that you’d like to share?
ES: I wrote my first book at the age of eleven. It was a science fiction saga about a young girl picked up by a ragtag group of bandits and transported to other worlds. Since then, Iâve had the privilege of publishing several short works of horror in a number of online magazines and last year, I published my first fiction novel.
HB: I fell in love with language and literature when I first learned how to read.Â Â A well-written book is a work of art. In college I majored in French and Spanish literatures, and I also took English literature and creative writing classes. I wrote stories for pleasure during college and law school, and I took my first class on writing for children after law school. I draw ideas from my life experiences and observations, from stories that I have heard, and from historical accounts and current events.
AB: When I first started to seriously consider writing, I was a co-winner of the Windy City Chapter of the Romance Writers of Americaâs Four Seasons YA award. A few months after that, I was one of the inaugural winners of SCBWIâs Emerging Voices award. The manuscript that received these cool distinctions was my second, and since then Iâve gone on to write several more, and have quite a few other ideas for new books!
Last year, books by authors of color comprisedÂ less than eleven percentÂ of the total number of books published for young readers, according to the Cooperative Childrenâs Book Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The annual New Visions Award is a step toward the day whenÂ allÂ young readers can see themselves in books.
The New Visions Award is open for submissions through October 31, 2016! Please see theÂ full submissions guidelines here.
If youâd like more news regarding the New Visions Award, author interviews, and more, sign up for our newsletter here.
WASHINGTON â The National Education Association (NEA) Foundation and publisher Lee & Low Books have joined forces with First Book, a nonprofit social enterprise, to expand the Stories for All ProjectTM, First Bookâs groundbreaking initiative to increase the diversity in childrenâs books. The new two-year collaboration, supported with funding from the NEA Foundation, includes the publication of a brand new book by a never-before-published author of color, and the production of thousands of diverse books, companion tipsheets and funds available for educators working with children from low-income families.
The diverse books include eight titles from Lee & Low Books, the largest U.S. multicultural childrenâs book publisher, and feature first-time authors of color, award winners, or books that previously were only available in hardcover formats. The titles will be printed as more affordable special edition paperbacks and available on the First Book Marketplace, First Bookâs award-winning site offering brand new books and educational resources â at the lowest possible prices or for free â to schools and programs serving children in need. A free, downloadable tipsheet will be developed for each title, with guidelines on how educators can use the book to create opportunities for student learning and shared experiences that embrace the importance of diversity and foster understanding both in and out of the classroom setting.
In addition, more than $100,000 from the NEA Foundation will be used to provide educators with credits to purchase diverse books through the First Book Marketplace. Many schools and programs have little or no budgets for books or resources for their programs; 74 percent of educators served by First Book spend their own money on educational resources for theirÂ students; national surveys indicate that teachers spend an average of $500 or more annually out of their own pocket.
LEE & LOWâs New Visions Award Expands; Manuscripts Due October 31Â
First Book and the NEA Foundation are also working with Lee & Low to introduce a new middle grade or young adult book by a never-before-published author of color, as part of the publisherâs existing New Visions Award. The collaboration will enable Lee & Low to expand its New Visions Award by selecting and publishing work by an additional new author of color. The winning book is expected to be released in 2018 as a hardcover edition at retail, and as a special edition paperback available exclusively on the First Book Marketplace. Award submission deadline isÂ October 31;Â full submission information can be found here.
âEducators around the country have increasingly more diverse classrooms, with children from a wide variety of home environments, family structures, religions, cultures, ethnicities, languages and more,â said Harriet Sanford, president and CEO of the NEA Foundation. âFirst Book has been out in front of the need to provide our educators with relevant, affordable books and resources that they can use in their classrooms every day. Diverse books and resources are not only critical to foster understanding and empathy, theyâre critical to learning. To have kids see themselves and their families in books lets kids know that books are, in fact, for them! Sharing diverse stories is a powerful tool for learning and belonging.â
First Book, which has operations in both the U.S. and Canada, works with formal and informal educators serving children in need ages 0-18 in a wide range of settings â from schools, classrooms, summer school and parks and rec programs, to health clinics, homeless shelters, faith-based programs, libraries, museums, summer food sites and more. Almost 32 million children are growing up in low-income families in the U.S. alone; in fact, in U.S. public schools, children in need are now the majority. First Book currently works with more than 275,000 under-resourced classrooms and programs; more than 5,000 new programs and classrooms sign up with First Book every month.
The need for books featuring diverse voices was underscored by feedback from First Bookâs membership. In a survey, 90 percent of respondents indicated that children in their programs would be more enthusiastic readers if they had access to books with characters, stories and images that reflect their lives and their neighborhoods. Additionally, 51 percent use books and resources from First Book as a way to enable kids to learn about other cultures and experiences. By aggregating the purchasing power of its network, First Book is able to work with publishers to expand content that accurately reflects diversity of race, ability, sexual orientation and family structure in an ever diversifying world.
âLee & Low has long been publishing multicultural and inclusive content, and weâre pleased to be expanding the New Visions Award in partnership with NEA Foundation and First Book. First Book has been leading the charge to bring this content to a broader market, and for developing partnerships like this one that make diverse content more affordable and more widely available to educators and children in need,â said Craig Low, president of Lee & Low Books, Inc.
âOne only needs to read the headlines to know how important it is to help celebrate our similarities and learn how our differences can make us stronger,â said Kyle Zimmer, president and CEO of First Book. âWe are grateful to the NEA Foundation and the team at Lee & Low Books to help us expand our Stories for All Project and our ongoing effort to arm heroic educators with best-in-class resources of all kinds.â
Organizations serving children in need can sign up to access First Bookâs wide range of books and educational resources at firstbook.org/join. For more information on First Book, visit firstbook.org.
About First Book
First Book is a nonprofit social enterprise founded in 1992 that has distributed more than 150 million books and educational resources to programs and schools serving children from low-income families throughout the United States and Canada, which, with more than 275,000 members, is the largest and fastest growing network of educators serving kids in need. By making new, high-quality books and educational resources available on an ongoing basis, First Book is transforming the lives of children in need and elevating the quality of education. Eligible educators, librarians, program leaders, and others serving children in need can sign up at firstbook.org/register. For more information, please visit firstbook.org or follow the latest news on Facebook and Twitter.Â
About NEA Foundation
The NEA Foundation envisions a great public education for every student. We support educators as they pioneer creative and innovative classroom approaches designed to prepare students for college, work, and life. The Foundationâs innovation work identifies new opportunities and pilot approaches in public education aimed towards preparing all students to learn and thrive in a rapidly changing world.
From a distance, Andrea Faraday looks perfect: she is the junior class valedictorian at the exclusive Woodruff School, where she was voted Most Likely to Do Everything Right. But looks can be deceiving. When her parents disappear, her lifeâand her Perfect Girl charadeâbegins to crumble, and her scheme to put things right just takes the situation from bad to so much worse. Pretty soon sheâs struck up the worldâs least likely friendship with the juvenile delinquents at Justice Academy, the last exit on the road to jailâand the first stop on the way out.
Kimberly Reid’s YA novelÂ Perfect LiarsÂ isÂ an engrossing story that asks aÂ big question: What makes someone a criminal? The discussion questions below, based on Perfect Liars,Â can help guide a conversation in classrooms about the juvenile justice system and its effects:
In the beginning of the story, Drea has a strong independent streak, almost to the point of being aloof. Why does Drea struggle to make friends and to trust others? Why does her outlook change around friendship and camaraderie?
How does Dreaâs perception of adolescents in the juvenile justice system change?
Why is Drea ashamed of how her family attained its privilege?
What connection can be made between Damonâs choices (becoming a police officer) and Dreaâs choices (in unrelenting pursuit of perfectionism) and the choices of their parents (being con artists)?
Dreaâs friends at the Justice Academy solve the problem with the very skills that led them to being in the juvenile justice system. What do you think the author, Kimberly Reid, wants readers to take away?
Look up imposter syndrome and âDuck Syndrome.â Do either of these describe Dreaâs experiences? Is her pursuit of perfectionism unique to Dreaâs personality and internal pressures or are there systemic pressures as well? How might Dreaâs gender contribute to her anxiety and stress in being perfect? Does Drea face additional pressures or unfair expectations to be successful because she is biracial in an elite, mostly white prep school?
How are Drea and Xavier similar?
Do Drea and Xavier see each other as equals? Why or why not?
Examine the reasons that led to Gigi, Xavier, and Jason each being in the juvenile justice system. Do their actions define them as âbadâ people? Does their involvement with Drea mean they are redeemed?
Which characters do you particularly admire or dislike?
Unlike the students Drea meets at Justice Academy, she has had access to elite institutions, privileged experiences, and influential people. Does Drea make the most of these resources?
Drea strives to be independent and self-sufficient. Does she achieve the freedom she seeks? Why or why not?
What impact do you think Dreaâs experience in collaborating with the students at the Justice Academy might have on her view of her parentsâ choices and lifestyle?
Now that weâve revealed the cover for the amazing Perfect Liars by Kimberly Reid (coming in May!), letâs talk about the cover design process. As with Ink and Ashes last year by Valynne Maetani, Perfect Liars is a YA mystery title. How do you give a book that mysterious air you need? How do you tell readers, âThis book is for YOU!â?
The challenge in all YA book design is to create a cover that looks like it belongs in the YA section, but doesnât look too much like the rest of the YA section. And to do that, you need a good designer. We found that designer in Liz Casal, whoâs also designed covers for Little, Brown and Soho Press. Looking at her portfolio, we knew she was just the designer for the job.
We always start with some comp designs, to figure out what direction weâll want to go in. Liz gave us some really amazing options. Here are a few of my favorites (these arenât all of them).
What I loved most about Lizâs designs is the care she put into finding photos of models who would look like the main character, Andrea Faraday, who is biracial (black and white). On top of that, her sense of contemporary design is just spot on. It was hard to choose which one we loved most!
We each loved multiple choices, so how could we narrow it down? I showed the potential covers to coworkers here at Lee & Low, to the author, and to her agent, soliciting opinions. We all had reasons for why we liked what we liked. But which direction was the best direction for this book?
There were some easy ones to rule outâthe last one (with the girls in the hat) was a great picture, but didnât convey the feeling we wanted to convey with this book cover. It was too convivial, not mysterious enough. As Kim put it, âI imagine totally loving this for some other book Iâd write.â A couple others felt too much like other books, and we werenât sure we liked the cropping of some others (we didnât want to lose the characterâs full face, even though that cropping created a great sense of mystery).
We all loved the red cover (upper left of the original design), but we felt very strongly that a silhouette wouldnât be the right choice for a book starring a person of colorâwe didnât want to obscure our characterâs ethnicity, we wanted toÂ celebrate it! However, that book had a very commercial feel to it. Could we tweak it so that it would clearly show that she’s a character of color?
We looked at a number of options for that cover direction, and in the meanwhile also explored a few other options. We narrowed our options down further, looking at filters and cropping, fonts and angles. And then we decided to go to the experts: teens.
We chose our three favorite covers (we were on about round 3 by now), and during a visit to our office by students from the Grace Church School (who were there to talk to Joseph Bruchac, author of Killer of Enemiesand Trail of the Dead), we asked students to tell us which book they most wanted to read.
Every teen in the room pointed to the cover on the right, the one with the characters wearing sunglasses. We were a little surprisedâwe thought that opinions might at least be split, or possibly favor the cover we’d been continuing to try to tweak so it wasn’t strictly a silhouette.
Why, we asked, were they most interested in that book?
âBecause she looks like sheâs hiding something,â said one teen.
For them, those sunglasses meant a sense of mystery.
What do you think? Were our teen experts on to something? We think so!
Looking online for resources as a new writer can be confusing. If you google âhow to get a book published,â many of the first results you see are ads for resources that are sketchy at bestâpay-to-play publishing, self publishing, vanity publishing. (While self publishing is a valid route, itâs important to know all your options before deciding self publishing is the right way for you.)
Change the query to âhow to get a childrenâs book publishedâ and the results aren’t much better. Eventually you may stumble onÂ the helpfulÂ Frequently Asked Questions page for the Society of Childrenâs Book Writers and Illustrators (SCBWI), an excellent resource for new writers looking to improve their craft and figure out the publication process. ButÂ navigating all the resources out there, good and bad, can be tricky.
Sometimes, you need to cut through the layers of information overload and just learn from publishing professionals directly. This is where writing conferences come inâwhich offer this and much more.
There are many good writing conferences across the United States (and the world). The SCBWI has local chapters that host monthly events, and the regional chapters tend to host at least one writing conference a year to which they bring editors and agents from New York City and elsewhere to teach, network with attendees, and critique their work. Many writers come away from conferences having met multiple like-minded writers with whom they can start a critique group. Other organizations also host more intensive workshops, such as Writing and Illustrating for Young Readers, a conference that has gained national acclaim.
While these conferences are excellent general resourcesâand many of them are working hard to become more welcoming spaces for writers of colorâwe also recognize that without meaning to, sometimes general spaces don’t give writers of color the support they need in an industry dominated by white editors, agents, and authors. There is something to be said for a conference that begins with a mission to connect writers of color with information about publishingâfrom publishing 101, to improving craft, to networking with publishing professionals.
One such conference is Kweli Journalâs childrenâs book writing conference, which is holding its second annual writing conference on April 9 at Scandinavia House in New York City. The conference is only $100 for a full dayâs programming (this is a really good price for a conference like this) and more than 25 authors, editors, and agents will be on panels and teaching workshops throughout the day.
The keynote speaker will be Edwidge Danticat, author of the Oprah’s Book Club pick Breath, Eyes, Memory and the YA novel Untwine, among many other acclaimed titles. Our own Joseph Bruchac, author of Quick Picks Top Ten title Killer of EnemiesÂ and more than 120 other books, will be there, as will Stacy Whitman, the publisher of our Tu Books imprint. Jessica Echeverria will be at the conference representing our picture book editorial team.
In the morning after the keynote, authors will learn from publishing professionals about how the publishing process works, and what their options are (self publishing, small presses, large publishers, whether you need an agent), and then the afternoon will break out into roundtables and critiques.
For a full list of publishing professionals who will be at the conference, check out the Kweli Journal website. We hope to meet you at the conference!
When: Saturday, April 9, 2016, 8 am — 8 pm
Where: Scandinavia House, 58 Park Avenue, New York, NY 10016
These are only a small sampling of the excellent writing conferences out there. If you’re going to Kweli, let us know so we can look for you! If you can’t make it, feel free to recommend your favorite writing conference to learn about writing for children and teens.
According to the National Institute of Mental Health, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that develops in some people after theyâve witnessed a shocking or traumatic event. People experience shock after traumatic events, but those who donât recover from the initial shock are more likely to develop PTSD. After a distressing or upsetting event, itâs important to seek support.
While literature cannot take the place of a support group or therapy, it can help us process grief and trauma. Teens are not immune to PTSD, and several YA novels explore this disorder in different ways: through fantasy, dystopia, or realistic fiction. Some are from the perspective of the person suffering, while others explore what it’s like to be a family member or friend.
Here is a list of four young adult books that deal with PTSD:
Trail of the Deadby Joseph Bruchac â In the follow-up to Killer of Enemies, Apache teenager Lozen protects her family and friends as they travel in search of refuge in a post-apocalyptic world. Though Lozen has only taken the lives of others to protect herself and her family, the killings take a toll on her spirit and Lozen finds herself with what her people call “enemy sickness,” another name for PTSD.Â With the support of her friends and family, she is healed in a ceremony that reflects the traditional healing of her Apache ancestors.
The Impossible Knife of Memory by Laurie Halse Anderson â Hayley Kincaid and her father have moved around a lot in the past five yearsÂ due to his job working on the road. They return to his hometown so that Hayley can have a shot at a normal life. However, after her fatherâs tours in Iraq, he developed PTSD. Hayley isnât sure if being in her fatherâs hometown will help with his PTSD, or push him over the edge.
Melting Stones by Tamora Pierce â Evvy and
Rosethorn are sent to the island of Starns toÂ help residents with a dormant volcano. While there, Evvy has flashes of a war from which she recently escaped.
Fallen Angelsby Walter Dean Myers â AfterÂ his dreams of attending college fall through, Perry, a teenager from Harlem, decides to volunteer for the service and joins the Vietnam War. Perry and his platoon are sentÂ to the front lines and come face-to-face with the horrors of war. Perry begins to questions why black troops are given the most dangerous assignments and why the U.S. is in Vietnam at all.
While the number of diverse books is increasing, the number of newÂ diverse authors entering the field remains low. Significant barriers remain for authors of color, Native authors, disabled authors, and other marginalized voices. With that in mind, we are excited to share information on this special Twitter event, #DVpit, created to showcase pitches by marginalized voices and help connect them to agents and editors. The information below is cross-posted with permission from literary agent Beth Phelan’s website. Â Â
A Twitter Pitching Event,Â Hosted + Moderated by Beth Phelan
April 19, 2016
8:00AM EST â 8:00PM EST
What is #DVpit?
#DVpit is a Twitter event created to showcase pitches about and especially by marginalized voices. This includes (but is not limited to): Native peoples and people of color; people living and/or born/raised in underrepresented cultures and countries; disabled persons; people with illness; people on marginalized ends of the socioeconomic, cultural and/or religious spectrum; people identifying as LGBTQIA+; and more.
What kind of work can you submit?
The participating agents and editors are looking for a variety of work, including all categories of fiction for adults, teens, and children, as well as nonfictionâas long as they qualify per the paragraph above.
Please only pitch your completed, unpublished manuscripts.
How do you submit?
Your pitch must fit the 140-character max, and must also include the hashtag #DVpit.
Please try to include category and/or genre hashtags in your pitch.
We will trust that your pitch is for a diverse book, but if you want a quick way to make the diversity in your work more apparent in your short pitch (and you can fit a few more characters), I also encourage you to include an abbreviation as an easier way to get that information across. Examples: OWN (to suggest #ownvoices), POC, LGBT, DIS (disability), IMM (immigration), etc.
These codes are up to youâIâm in no place to judge or police how, or even if, you box your experience. If youâve already perfected your pitch and/or simply donât see the value in including these codes, please remember they are optional. You will *not* be at a disadvantage if you donât include them! If you do want to add, please make the abbreviation as clear and straightforward as possible for our agents/editors.
Please pitch no more than once per hour, per manuscript. You may use the same pitch, or shake things up by using different pitches for the same project. You may pitch more than one project at a time, as long as they are completed and unpublished.
Please do not tweet the agents/editors directly!
The event will run from 8:00AM EST until 8:00PM EST, so please only tweet your pitches during that block of time.
What happens next?
Agents/editors will your “like” your pitch tweet if theyâd like to see material from you, so please donât “like” other authorsâ pitches. Please also do not retweet. To show support, you can always reply with compliments.
Each agent/editor will have their own preferences for receiving submissions, so if you get a “like” from someone, please refer to their Twitter feed to see what they ask for, and how you can contact them.
All of these agents/editors are invested in finding more marginalized voices, so if you’re comfortable with it (and ONLY if you are comfortable with it), you areÂ encouraged you to self-identify in your query, or just simply let us know that the story and/or character(s) reflect your own experience (or even in your pitch if you have the space and the inclination).
If you see that multiple agents/editors from the same group have “liked”Â your pitch, please contact them directly for their policy, or reach out to Beth Phelan who canÂ help you find out.
Keep in mind that many agents/editors will get sidetracked with their usual work or unexpected crises and may have to revisit the feed after the event is over. So donât be surprised if you receive “likes”Â after the period closes!
Who is participating?
Over 50Â agents and editors will be participating, and since this is a public event, more are likely to join in on the day! Our own Stacy Whitman, publisher of our Tu Books imprint, will be participating.Â See the full list here.
Please be sure to research any agent or publisher that “likes” your pitch. There is no obligation to submit your work to anyone you donât want to.
For more details and a list of resources to help with your pitch, visit Beth Phelan’s post. Best of luck and happy pitching!
Shame the Stars is set to be released Fall 2016! We’re excited to share a first look at the cover with you today.
Eighteen-year-old JoaquĂn del Toroâs future looks bright. With his older brother in the priesthood, heâs set to inherit his familyâs Texas ranch. Heâs in love with DulceĂ±aâand sheâs in love with him. But itâs 1915, and trouble has been brewing along the US-Mexico border. On one side, the Mexican Revolution is taking hold; on the other, Texas Rangers fight Tejano insurgents, and ordinary citizens are caught in the middle.
As tensions grow, JoaquĂn is torn away from DulceĂ±a, whose fatherâs critical reporting on the Rangers in the local newspaper has driven a wedge between their families. JoaquĂnâs own father insists that the Rangers are their friends, and refuses to take sides in the conflict. But when their family ranch becomes a target, JoaquĂn must decide how he will stand up for whatâs right.
Shame the Stars is a rich reimagining of Romeo and Juliet set in Texas during the explosive years of Mexicoâs revolution. Filled with period detail, captivating romance, and political intrigue, it brings Shakespeareâs classic to life in an entirely new way.
Thanks to YA Interrobang for hosting the cover reveal! We canât wait to hear what you think of the cover.
Sometimes to save the day, a good girlâs gotta be bad.
White Collar meets Oceans 11 in our new YA novel, Perfect Liars. We interviewed author Kimberly Reid on how to craft the perfect heist novel, her writing tips, and breaking stereotypes.
Why was it important to you to depict an interracial relationship in your story?
In the real world, interracial relationships exist. Iâve been in one with my Korean husband since college. Teen readers may not think this is a big deal, but when we met in the late 1980s, long before K-pop, K-dramas, and Korean fusion food trucks made the culture more accessible to Americans, it was kind of a big deal. Back then, as Koreans immigrated and settled into traditionally black neighborhoods of large cities, relations between our communities were tense. I wasnât quite as young as the characters in Perfect Liars, but I remember what it was like to be young and in a relationship for which I had no model, one that was seen as âexoticâ at best and flat-out wrong at worst. The world has shifted a lot in thirty years, and kids have more models now but itâs still important to me that my books reflect the real world. And unfortunately, weâre often reminded how little shift there has been. Just last week, people lost their minds over an interracial Old Navy ad.
What research did you do to create a convincing heist novel?
That aspect of the book probably took the least research since the heist isnât a huge player in the story, though I had to do a lot of Googling on the high-end antiques business. I didnât want the target of the thieves to be the usual thingsâmoney, jewelry, artâthough thatâs in there, too. So I decided to go with fine antiques. The legal aspects took up most of my research time. Luckily, I come from a law enforcement family so it was fairly easy to ask any question that popped into my head. When I was writing the book, my much younger sister had recently passed the bar exam and sheâd also been an English major in undergrad, so she was the perfect person to help. The law was really fresh for her, and she didnât get bored with all my writerly talk of plot and motivation.
Who are your favorite heist writers? What are some of your favorite heist movies or shows?Â
I donât really have a favorite heist writer, but I have watched many heist movies, like The Italian Job and Oceanâs Eleven (the original and the newer versions), Rififi, The Score, and Inside Man. But it was actually a TV show called Leverage that gave me part of the inspiration for Perfect Liars. The main premise came from an alternative school in my town that is run by a juvie court judge and was once housed in our cityâs justice center, along with courtrooms and the sheriffâs office. But I needed to turn that into a story and decided to have former juvie kids use their criminal skills for good. In Leverage, a band of criminals, led by a former investigator, use their various talents to help people in need.
How is writing fiction different than writing a memoir (No Place Safe)?
The biggest difference is telling the truth versus making stuff up. With fiction, you can make the story go the way you want. Writing memoir is all about the truth and sometimes the truth hurts. No Place Safe is the story of growing up during the two-year-long Atlanta Missing and Murdered Children investigation, on which my mother was a lead investigator. I was thirteen when the murders began, and I wrote the story from my thirteen-year-oldâs perspective, but with the insight of an adult looking back on that time. It was my first published book, and writing it helped me figure out what I wanted to do from that point on. I like writing from a teen point of view (but I find it more difficult than writing for adults!). Though I write crime fiction, I prefer using humor in my stories rather than a darker voice. Most importantly, Iâd much rather invent stories than tell the truth.
What advice would you give to writers that want to write heist novels?
In a heist novel, the entire book is about the planning and execution of a heist, and then how the characters deal with the fallout. There is some of that in Perfect Liars, but it isnât really a heist novel. Publishers Weekly calls it âa socially conscious crime thrillerâ and I like that description. The heist more or less sets up the story; it isnât the story. If I had to give it a subgenre, itâs probably more con artist than heist. But Iâd give the same advice Iâd give a writer of any genre: do your research. I do lots of research and still miss something every time. And your readers will call you on it every time. I can be a little Type A and used to think, âOh, no! How did I miss that?â Now, I realize I canât change the book once it is out in the world, so I view it as, âI have some really smart and observant readers. Theyâll keep me on my toes as I research the next book.â
A few months ago, LEE & LOW released the Diversity Baseline Survey, which revealed that a significant percentage of publishing staff is comprised of white women. Were you shocked by these numbers? What is a way publishing might be able to improve these numbers?
Iâve been black all my life, and a traditionally published writer for nearly a decade, so no, I wasnât surprised. More surprisingâand hearteningâwas the response to the survey from the participants. I was glad to see Big Five publishers participate. As sad as the numbers are, I think being truthful about them and willing to contribute honest data is a good start. As far as improving the numbers, I think decision-makers need to make an aggressive effort to recruit diverse employees. I donât mean run job ads on sites focused on minorities or maybe participate in diversity job fairs for new college grads. I mean start early, show marginalized high school students the possibility of publishing as a career through education and internships. The science disciplines are doing this through STEM program education and recruitment as early as middle school. Another suggestion is to let go of the idea that everyone must work in Manhattan, which puts a publishing career out of economic reach for most. The film industry has figured that out. While Hollywood may always be the headquarters, lots ofÂ movies are being made in studios in lower cost cities like Atlanta and Vancouver, and using local production talent. Maybe have self-contained imprints, from acquisitions to sales reps, as field offices. I think this would also help publishing become less New York-centric and keep publishers in closer touch with whatâs going on in the rest of the country in terms of demographics, cultural trends, and social movements. And to loop back to my first suggestion, publishing needs more decision-makers from marginalized backgrounds. Itâs hard to acknowledge thereâs a problem when youâve never experienced the problem, and you canât fix what you donât perceive as broken, or at least, fully understand how broken the thing is.
Many of the juvenile delinquents that Drea works with challenge her assumptions about what they are truly like. Why is it important to challenge Dreaâs (and the readerâs) assumptions about these characters?
I wonât lieâI can be judgey. A big part of being a writer is watching the world and trying to understand people, and hopefully, attempting to empathize with some of what we see. Itâs hard to do that if you arenât willing to see thereâs more than one perspective. So I brought a lot of that to Dreaâs character. I also wanted to show that we are not monolithic. Of the relatively few books that are published with brown or black leads, the odds favor us being depicted as broke, oppressed, undereducated, and in need of salvation. Drea is the opposite of these things despite being a racial minority. And also despite that, she views the world from a place of privilege. Part of her evolution is seeing that she has obtained her privilege in a questionable way, and also that, when it comes down to it, some people will always see her the way they want, no matter her money, class, or education. She learns this by seeing how others like her are treated and eventually realizes she has the means to help correct some of that.
The push for more diverse books has increased in the past two years. What do you hope to see from forthcoming books?
Iâd like to see more fun books with racially marginalized characters. While these things are huge aspects of our past and, unfortunately, what still lies ahead, we arenât always trying to throw off the yoke of oppression, dealing with the legacy of slavery or the marginalization that comes with being immigrants. Books from white writers with white leads donât carry this burden. They can be fun for entertainmentâs sake, and thatâs just fine. Historically, publishing hasnât given the same freedom to writers of color. We have had to come with the deep and profound, or not come at all. Kids of color should have a variety to choose from, should be able to walk into a library or store and pick the thing theyâre dying to read, not the thing an adult (publishers, teachers, librarians, parents) has deemed they should read because of what they look like or where they came from. That choice can include a history of their people, but let them also have a fun mystery,Â an interracial romance, a fantasy in which a kid who looks like them is the slayer of dragons. Every young reader deserves that.
Whatâs one of your favorite sentences, either from your own writing or from someone elseâs?
Can I give a few? I love this description of a seasonâs change from Toni Morrisonâs Sula:
âThen summer came. A summer limp with the weight of blossomed things. Heavy sunflowers weeping over fences; iris curling and browning at the edges far away from their purple hearts; ears of corn letting their auburn hair wind down to their stalks. And the boys. The beautiful, beautiful boys who dotted the landscape like jewels, split the air with their shouts in the field, and thickened the river with their shining wet backs. Even their footsteps left a smell of smoke behind.â
I bow to Ms. Morrison.
If you were putting together your own team to pull off a heist, who would be on it and why?
Iâd need a computer genius. I once worked in the tech worldâwhich is increasingly becoming the worldâand computer geeks make it go round. Iâd want a great con artists or two because I wouldnât want to use brute force. If Iâm going to be a criminal, Iâd rather manipulate people into giving me what I want rather than physically hurting them into doing it. Theyâre both bad, but for some reason, the con seems less bad than the violence. Certainly Iâd want someone who could break into anything, probably two thievesâone high tech, one old school because you never know if youâre going to run into an antique safe or something. Those would be the minimal requirements. Nice-to-have additions would be a chemist, physicist, and an engineer. They are like the MacGyvers of the world. Between them, when all else fails, they could probably figure a way out of any jam.
Tu Books, the middle grade and young adult imprint of respected multicultural childrenâs publisher LEE & LOW BOOKS, is thrilled to announce that author Supriya Kelkar has won its third annual New Visions Award for her middle grade historical fiction novel, Ahimsa.
The award honors a middle grade or young adult novel for young readers by an author of color who has not previously published a novel for that age group. It was established to encourage new talent and to offer authors of color a chance to break into a tough andÂ predominantly white market.
Ahimsa takes place in 1940s India, an era of great change as Indian citizens fight for independence from British colonial rule. When ten-year-old Anjaliâs mother announces that she has quit her job to become a Freedom Fighter following Mahatma Gandhi, Anjali mustÂ find her place in a rapidly changing world.
The story was inspired by Kelkarâs own great-grandmother, who joined the freedom movement against the British. âShe worked alongside Gandhi and spent time in jail, too, for her part in the nonviolent movement,â Kelkar says. âI hope that readers can be inspired by the fact that people were able to make such a huge impact on their world not through war, but through non-violence.â Kelkar will receive a cash prize of $1,000 and a publication contract with Tu Books.
One manuscript received the New Visions Award Honor: Alexandra Acevesâ young adult horror story Children of the River Ghost. Set in contemporary Albuquerque, Children of the River Ghost is a unique reimagining of the la llorona myth told through the eyes of La Llorona herself. âI wanted to give her a voice, to give her the opportunity to tell her side of the story,â Aceves says. Aceves will receive a cash prize of $500.
There were three New Visions Award finalists: Alex Brown (Hate Crime), Hilda Burgos (The Castle of Kings), and Elizabeth StephensÂ (The Rougarou).
Last year, books by authors of color comprised less than eleven percent of the total number of books published for young readers, according to the Cooperative Childrenâs Book Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The annual New Visions Award is a step toward the day when all young readers can see themselves in books.
Congratulations to all of the New Visions Award winners and finalists â we look forward to seeing your future books!
New York, NYâ May 7, 2015â Tu Books, the middle grade and young adultÂ imprint of respected multicultural childrenâs publisher LEE & LOW BOOKS, is thrilled to announce that author Axie Oh has won its second annual New Visions Award for her young adult science fiction novel, The Amaterasu Project.
The award honors a fantasy, science fiction, or mystery novel for young readers by an author of color who has not previously published a novel for that age group. It was established to encourage new talent and to offer authors of color a chance to break into a tough and predominantly white market.
The Amaterasu Project takes place in a futuristic Korea wracked by war and a run by a militarized government, where the greatest weaponâand perhaps the greatest hopeâis a genetically modified girl. âThe futuristic sci-fi setting is inspired by a combination of Japanese concept art and animated television series,â says Oh. âI hope my new book gives to readers what books have always given to meâa new world to explore and new characters to fall in love with.â Oh will receive a cash prize of $1,000 and a publication contract with Tu Books.
Last year, books by authors of color comprised less than six percent of the total number of books published for young readers, according to the Cooperative Childrenâs Book Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. The annual New Visions Award is a step toward the day when all young readers can see themselves in books.
Two books were chosen as New Visions Award Honors: Yamile Saied MendezâsOn These Magic Shoresand Andrea Wangâs Eco-Agent Owen Chang. On These Magic Shores is a contemporary middle grade novel with a touch of magical realism about 12-year-old Minerva, who must step up to take care of her younger sisters when her mother, who is undocumented, goes missing. Eco-Agent Owen Chang is a humorous middle grade mystery about Owen Chang, a middle schooler who moonlights as a secret agent for an undercover environmental organization. Mendez and Wang will each receive a cash prize of $500.
ABOUT: Tu Books, an imprint of LEE & LOW BOOKS, publishes diverse speculative fiction for young readers. It is the companyâs mission to publish books that all young readers can identify with and enjoy. For more information, visitÂ leeandlow.com/imprints/3.
Iâve long been a fan of mysteries. Trixie Belden was my BFF as a third and fourth grader. Nancy Drew was another favorite. Veronica Mars updated the teen sleuth idea, bringing the storytelling form to a new generation.
When I got the chance to work on Valynne Maetaniâs Ink and Ashes, our new YA mystery which comes out in June,Â all of those mysteries and more were going through my mind. Claire, the main character, has the spunk and curiosity of Veronica Mars and all of her predecessors, but sheâs also a little different. And to honor those differences in the editing process, I needed to refresh myself on whatâs out there right now in the teen mystery/suspense genre, and the mystery genre in general.
As I was editing Ink and Ashes over the course of about a year and a half (which spans two developmental edits and a line edit), between edits I was reading mystery after mystery. I stocked up on Agatha Christie, I rewatched Miss Fisherâs Murder Mysteries and read the first book of the series itâs based on (Cocaine Blues by Kerry Greenwood), I read multiple YA suspense, spy, and murder mysteries.
That reading reminded me that a great mystery read requires the same elements as any good read: well-paced plotting, characters the reader cares about enough to want to know what happens next; even world-building, though thatâs a term we generally associate with speculative fiction, is tremendously important in setting the stage in a mystery. But my rereading of classic and contemporary mysteries also showed me that more than in any other genre, a sense of suspense and danger must permeate the mystery book, must drive the reader to breathlessly wonder what will happen next.
Ask probing questions
One of the biggest challenges in this editâwith any edit, really, especially with an author youâve never worked with beforeâwas discovering how to bring the authorâs vision of the characters fully to life. An editorâs job is often to just ask questions: Why is this happening right now? Why would that character decide to do this? What is the goal here?
In that way, figuring out the goal allows the editor to ask further probing questions on what the solution might beâfiguring out how current plot points and character decisions hamper the desired effect.
“The plot thickens” turns out to be true
The biggest thing I learned while editing Ink and Ashes and reading all these mysteries is the importance of plot escalation. In the original draft, clues did of course build up into a frenzied final few pages of conflict that were very enjoyableâthatâs one of the reasons the book won our New Visions Award. But comparing the early manuscript to mysteries I enjoyed the most, I realized that there were so many ways that the narrative could be complicated. (Valynne was on the same page. As she waited for the results of the contest, she was also already thinking of ways to improve the manuscript. That kind of editor-writer synergy makes a huge difference in any book project like this.)
We looked at the end goal, and discussed the plot points that got Claire and her friends to that point. In particular, we discussed how the inciting incidentâthe moment that gets Claire to veer her course to investigating whether her father and her stepdad ever knew each otherâmight be complicated and how those complications would have a ripple effect that would improve multiple other plot points, and increase the pacing.
In other words, escalation. If the reader didnât feel the suspense at every page turn, we had work to do.
Valynne worked very hard on making that happen, and Iâm very happy with the results! In answer to all my probing questions, Valynne improved on an already-well written manuscript to bring what was an interesting read to the level of an exciting page-turner thatâs getting readers hooked. Thatâs the end goal for any editor and author: Creating a final book that readers canât put down. Iâm happy to say, we succeeded with Ink and Ashes.
Stacy Whitman is Editorial Director and Publisher ofÂ Tu Books, an imprint of LEE & LOW BOOKS that publishes diverse science fiction and fantasy for middle grade and young adult readers.
Every family has its secrets, but Claire Takataâs family secrets can kill herâŠ
In Ink and Ashes, personal vendettas and organized crime collide, sending Claire Tanaka on a race to outrun her fatherâs legacy. When a letter from her dead father reveals a family secret, Claire searches for information about her fatherâs past and discovers a dangerous family connection to the yakuza, the Japanese mafia.
Hereâs what early readers have said about Ink and Ashes:
âThis fantastic debut packs a highly suspenseful blend of action, intrigue, and teen romance.â âstarred review, Kirkus ReviewsÂ
âFull of character, culture, and suspense, Ink and Ashes is a fascinating read with surprising new elements and a true heroine in Claire Takata.â
âAlly Condie, author of the #1 New York Times bestselling Matched Trilogy
Summer is already here! That means that the third annual NEW VISIONS AWARD is now open for submissions! Established by Tu Books, an imprint of LEE & LOW BOOKS that publishes middle grade and young adult books, the award is a fantastic chanceÂ for new authors of color to break into the world of publishing for young readers.
The New Visions Award writing contest is awarded for aÂ middle grade or young adult manuscript, andÂ is open toÂ writers of colorÂ who are residents of the United StatesÂ andÂ who have not previously had a middle grade or young adult novel published. The winner will receive a $1,000 cash prize and a publication contract with LEE & LOW BOOKS.
Ink and AshesÂ by Valynne Maetani,Â the first New Visions Award winner, was namedÂ a Junior Library Guild Selection and received a starred review from Kirkus Reviews.
To celebrate the release of her debut novel, Ink and Ashes,Â earlier this month, author Valynne E. Maetani has been stopping by blogs to talk about her writing process, winning the first ever New Visions Award, and much more.
Claire Takata has never known much about her father, who passed away ten years ago. But on the anniversary of his death, she finds a letter from her deceased father to her stepfather. Before now, Claire never had a reason to believe they even knew each other.
Struggling to understand why her parents kept this surprising history hidden, Claire combs through anything that might give her information about her father . . . until she discovers that he was a member of the yakuza, a Japanese organized crime syndicate. The discovery opens a door that should have been left closed.
The race to outrun her fatherâs legacy reveals secrets of his past that cast ominous shadows, threatening Claire, her friends and family, her newfound love, and ultimately her life. Winner of Tu Booksâ New Visions Award, Ink and Ashes is a fascinating debut novel packed with romance, intrigue, and heart-stopping action.
Here is a round up of the tour.
YA Books CentralÂ â Valynne E. Maetani shares 5 facts you should know about the Japanese mafia, known as the Yakuza, here.
When Reyna accidentally breaks her abuelitoâs old vihuela, she travels around her neighborhood trying to figure out how to repair it. In the process, she discovers her grandfatherâs legacy. Written by Jennifer Torres and illustrated by Renato AlarcĂŁo.
A young girl finds her mother’s poems written when her mother traveled around in a military family. The young girl writes her own related poems. Written by Nikki Grimes and illustrated by Elizabeth Zunon.
Ira Aldridge dreamed of acting in Shakespeareâs plays. Because of a lack of opportunity in the United States, Ira journeys to England to pursue his dream of becoming an actor. Written by Glenda Armand and illustrated by Floyd Cooper.
Maya has a blanket stitched by her Grandma. The blanket later becomes a dress, a skirt, a shawl, a skirt and a headband. This story is inspired by the Yiddish folk song âHob Ikh Mir a Mantlâ (âI Had a Little Coatâ). Written by Monica Brown and illustrated by David Diaz.
Claire Takata discovers her deceased fatherâs connection to the yakuza, the Japanese mafia, and puts her and her familyâs lives in danger. Written by Valynne E. Maetani.
Trail of the Dead
In this sequel to the award-winning Killer of Enemies, Lozen and her family, on the run from the tyrants who once held them hostage, embark on a journey along a perilous trail once followed by her ancestors, where they meet friends and foes alike. Written by Joseph Bruchac.
âMy advice on writing?â asked Joseph Bruchac, author of KILLER OF ENEMIES and sequel TRAIL OF THE DEAD, recently to a group of high school students gathered in our Lee & Low office.
âRead. Read a lot and read widely. Donât just read on the Internet; read books. If you have a favorite writer, take a look at what she does and how she does it across her books. Also, write. Write a lot and write every day. My third piece of advice is reviseâmake writing worth reading.â
For our virtual author event, Joseph Bruchac called in to joinÂ the students from Grace Church School who were visitingÂ our Lee & Low office in Manhattan. The students had read both books in Bruchacâs KILLER OF ENEMIES series and were interested in learning more about the main character Lozen, the world she lives in, and the inspiration behind the books.
During our conference call with Joseph Bruchac, students came prepared with their own questions, which included:
What was society and the world like before the coming of the Cloud? What was your vision of the world?
Lutherâs chapters have a very different narration from Lozenâs chapters. What was the thinking behind this choice?
Whose side is the Dreamer on?
Did the Cloud make every One insane or are there some Ones who are still good?
Coyote has a particular place in much Native American folklore but TRAIL OF THE DEAD has a lot of sci fi/fantasy monsters and mythical creatures. Where does Coyote fit in?
Is Lozenâs journey similar to your own?
How long did it take you to write the book? What advice do you have about writing?
Looking to lead your own book discussion with teens?
Check out our Discussion Questions for KILLER OF ENEMIES series with a focus on the latest release, TRAIL OF THE DEAD:
Before the Silver Cloud, humans with computer-generated enhancements, called the Ones, controlled the world. Do you think author Joseph Bruchacâs vision of the future is convincing? Why or why not? What similarities do you see between the pre-Cloud world that the Dreamer described and our own world today?
What role does community play in TRAIL OF THE DEAD? How is Lozenâs community critical to her healing?
The Dreamer decides which books to save. Which book would you save?
Do you have theories on who Hally is? What do you think motivates Hally and what do you think Hally wants?
Author Joseph Bruchac alternates between first-person narration of Lozen to third person omniscient narration with Lutherâwhy would the author do this? How does this build suspense? With whom does Joseph Bruchac want us to empathize? Does this affect our perception of Lozen as a trustworthy narrator?
Joseph Bruchac, as an adult, created Lozen (her background, voice, and perspective) and chose to write her as a teenager. She can be very opinionated, sardonic, and mocking. Do you think Lozen is a representative teenager? Why or why not?
Main character, Lozen, uses humor and sarcasm throughout the series. Why do you think author Joseph Bruchac uses humor in the telling of a post-apocalyptic tale? How is this story unique from other texts set in extreme and violent environments? How does humor and sarcasm help Lozen and the other characters cope or heal with their environment and experiences? In what circumstances in our world today do we see people using humor in difficult and stressful situations?
The ending of TRAIL OF THE DEAD is left open for a follow-up (or perhaps a conclusion). What do you hope to see as Lozenâs (and the other charactersâ) story continues?
Resources and activities for engaging students on the KILLER OF ENEMIES book series:
1. Author Joseph Bruchac reads from TRAIL OF THE DEAD, the sequel to his post-apocalyptic Apache steampunk, KILLER OF ENEMIES.
5. Have students blog about and map through Google Maps the journey and world of Lozen in KILLER OF ENEMIES and TRAIL OF THE DEAD. This project was designed by Dr. Lisa Hager, Associate Professor of English and Gender, Sexuality, and Womenâs Studies atÂ UniversityÂ ofÂ Wisconsin-Waukesha.
6. Have students write their own book reviews to submit to the school newspaper or present to the class. Students can read the reviews of KILLER OF ENEMIES and TRAIL OF THE DEAD at the bottom of the book pages for ideas.
Tu Books publisher Stacy Whitman broadened the discussion with looking at the challenges in childrenâs publishing today. As a group, we analyzed The Diversity Gap in Childrenâs Books infographic.
What is the context of this infographic? What are student and general U.S. population demographics today?
Â What might some causes be for the lack of diversity in childrenâs books?
What might the impact of a lack of diversity among authors and characters be on students reading books that were either assigned or self-selected? What might it mean for a young child growing up and reading? What will she see? What will she not see?
How to bring a LEE & LOW author or illustrator into your classroom live or virtually:
Jill Eisenberg, our Senior Literacy Specialist, began her career teaching English as a Foreign Language forÂ second through sixth grade in Yilan, Taiwan as a Fulbright Fellow. She went on to become a literacy teacher for third grade in the Bay Area, CA as a Teach for America corps memberÂ where she became passionate about best practices for supporting English Language Learners and parent engagement. In her column for Lee & Lowâs The Open Book blog, she offers teaching and literacy tips for educators.
This past weekend, we noticed an unusual numberÂ of superheroes, cosplayers, and characters from our favorite TV shows flooding thesubways, buses, and streets of New York City. Did we unknowingly fall into an alternate universe?
Turns out that it was just New YorkÂ Comic Con, the annual pop culture phenomenon dedicated to comics, graphic novels, anime, video games, movies, and television. The first convention was held in 2006 and it has continued to grow steadily over the past severalÂ years, bringing an ever-growing number of comics and pop-culture fans to New York City. And not only has Comic Con continued to grow, but so has programming dedicated to issues of diversity and diverse creators.Â We were lucky enough to get a pass for LEE & LOW staff. Below, three staff members share their highlights from the show:
Keilin, Marketing and Publicity Associate
Oh Comic Con. What a crazy event to go to, but definitely worth every minute!
I went to a Geeks of Color Meetup, hosted by Diana Pho (editor, Tor Books), and featuring Shelley Diaz (editor, School Library Journal),Â and author Melissa Grey (The Girl At Midnight). It was great to mingle with other “geeks” and to get to know Diana and Shelley.
The greatest thing about the Meetup was seeing the diversity in the room. There was one group of people that I joined that was talking about the new Star Wars movie coming out, and it didn’t matter that we were all from different backgrounds because we all could geek out about something we were all collectively excited for. Diana often hosts these types of meetups for people of color, and if anyone is interested, you can contact her on her website, Beyond Victoriana.
After the Geeks of Color Meetup, I booked it over to the Asian American Comics and Creators panel, which unfortunately was full. On the positive side, that just meant that there was a full house to participate in a discussion on Asian Americans in the comic book industry. While theÂ depictions of Asian Americans in comic books has improved, there is more that can still be done.
The thing I like most about conventions like these is that it shows you the wide spectrum of people withinÂ fandoms, whether it’s seeing a black Wonder Woman or an Asian Peggy Carter. Nerding out is for everyone!
Rebecca, Marketing and Publicity Assistant
Thanks to things like the We Need Diverse Books campaign, diversity has been on peopleâs minds more than ever before. Last year, we saw one of the most diverse television seasons weâve gotten in a while. Itâs no surprise that diversity in comics and geek culture was on a lot of peopleâs minds at New York Comic Con!Â I attended 4 panels focused on various aspects of diversityÂ at the show this year.
At the Pushing Boundaries panel, there was a discussion about representation. Author Marjorie Liu spoke about the burden that authors of color often face when they are the only ones representing entire cultures. They have to make sure that their characters are âperfectâ and not stereotypical; however, trying to tell a âperfectâ story gets in the way of an authentic narrative. This is the danger of a single story: one person from a marginalized or underrepresented group canât represent everyone from that group.
Some of the other panelists, like Jeremy Whitley, the creator of Princeless, spoke about using theirÂ work to fill a need. Jeremy Whitleyâs daughter is a person of color, so he wanted to write a comic where a young black girl would see herself as a princess that went on adventures. Geek Out was started as a space for LGBT+ fans of comics. At one point in the discussion, the panelists spoke about bad representation. Is bad representation better than no representation? There was no clear answer, as one panelist said he preferred bad representation to none at all. But author Marjorie Liu said, âAs a woman of color, Iâm allergic to bad representation.â
The pervading feeling at the âGeeks of Color: Harder, Better, Faster, Strongerâ panel was that while people are paying more attention to diversity and things with diverse content, we still have a long way to go. Industries need to diversify from within as well as to seek out diverse creators. Diversity naturally happens when there are a variety of people creating things.
At the Women in Geek Media panel, the panelists encouraged the room full of people to create their own works. Everyone, they told us, has a unique story to tell. Many of the women talked about having to create their own spaces and writing with a unique voice, which is what made them stand out. They also encouraged everyone there who was fed up with the lack of representation of women, people of color,Â and other marginalized groups in media to channel their anger thoughtfully and to hold content creators accountable.
All the panels I attended were full almost to capacity. It was great to see how much people are clamoring for more diverse representation. But the real highlight of Comic Con was meeting Amandla Stenberg!
Stacy, Publisher of TU BOOKS
On Thursday night of Comic Con, I went to the #BlackComicsMonth panel moderated by Dean MizCaramelVixen. It was an all-star lineup, including Chad L. Coleman (who played Tyreese on The Walking Dead), who is producing a new comic that stars his likeness, and comics artists and writers Scott Snyder, David Walker, Mikki Kendall, Shawn Pryor, Steve Orlando, Christine Dinh, Mildred Louis, Jeremy Whitley, and Afua Richardson. If you want to see the whole panel, you can view it on YouTube.
The panel started out by talking to a standing-room-only crowd of at least 300 people about what âdiversityâ meant to them. Christine Dinh spoke about how there are more young women reading comicsâthat kids are more diverse than ever. Another panelist talked about how what it means to be black could mean so many different things, and that all those representations were importantâthat there is no one way to be black.
Everyone on the panel emphasized how important the voices of people of color are in comic books. Kendall said, âIf you donât see yourself out there, put your stuff out there.â
Later that night was a fangirl panel (âShe Made Me Do It: FanGirls Lead the Wayâ) discussing how important women are not only in the creation of art but also in the appreciation of it. On the panel were Jamie Broadnax, who created Black Girl Nerds; Rose Del Vecchio and Jenny Cheng from myfanmail.com, a site that sends fandom products to subscribers; and Sam Maggs, author of The Fangirlâs Guide to the Galaxy and writer for The Mary Sue.
One of the main topics of the panel was discussing how women and girls get challenged to show their âcredentialsâ as geeks. âI’m so over the cred thing. You don’t have to prove anything to show your passion for fandom,â Broadnax said. Maggs agreed and went on to discuss how those fans should also be reflected in the stories they consume, saying, âA range, diversity of stories can only mean better content for everyone. Why can’t white dudes look up to a black girl protagonist and have her be their role model?â
On Sunday, the We Need Diverse Books panel focused on the hashtag #IAmNotYourSidekick, discussing the importance of narratives that center the experiences of characters of color. On a personal note, the panelists discussed the first time theyâd ever seen a âmirrorâ of themselves in a book. Some never did, at least until adulthood. Dhonielle Clayton, a Harlem Academy librarian and WNDB VP of librarian services, mentioned that she had mirrors, but only about slavery and civil rights, not fun books. Variety in representations of marginalized people is so important, she said.
Everyone on the panel agreed that the way to fix the problem was to talk up diverse books. âBuy diverse books!â YA author Robin Talley said. âThe more you do, the more there will be.â Older also noted not to assume that a traditionally published book that stars a diverse character will have a million-dollar marketing campaign. âIt likely wonât!â he said. Panelists agreed that word of mouth is one of the most important marketing tools for diverse booksâsharing them with friends, talking about them on social media, and requesting them from libraries and bookstores were all mentioned as important methods of helping diverse books grow in the market.
Halloween is right around the corner. There’s no better way to celebrate than by reading books that will scare you to pieces! Here’s a luckyÂ thirteen listÂ of our favorites (all featuring diverse characters or by diverse authors):
Half World by Hiromi GotoÂ – Melanie Tamaki lives with her mother in abject poverty. Then, her mother disappears. Melanie must journey to the mysterious Half World to save her.
Vodnik byÂ Bryce MooreÂ – Sixteen-year-old Tomas moves back to Slovakia with his familyÂ andÂ discovers the folktales of his childhood were more than just stories.
The Immortal Rules by Julie KagawaÂ – Allie Sekemoto survives by scavenging for food by day. She hates the vampires who keep humans like cattle for their food. Until the day she dies and wakes up as a vampire.
Liar byÂ Justine LarbalestierÂ – Micah is a liar; it’s the only thing she’ll tell you the truth about. But when her boyfriend Zach is murdered, the whole truth has to come out.
Battle Royale byÂ Koushan TakamiÂ – A group of junior high school students are sent to an island and forced to fight to the death until only one of them survives.
172 Hours on the Moon by Johan Harstad –Â Â Three teenagers win the vacationÂ of a lifetime: a week-long trip to the moon. But something sinister is waiting for them in the black vacuum of space.
Anna Dressed in Blood by Kendare BlakeÂ – Cas Lowood is a ghost hunter, called to Thunder Bay, Ontario to get rid of a ghost the locals call Anna Dressed in Blood, who has killed every person who has stepped foot in the house she haunts.
Book title mashups are when you take two book titles, put them together and create a synopsis based on the title. We took some of our favorite Lee & Low and Tu Books titles to come up with some new and fun stories!
Etched in Ink and Ashes( Etched in Clay + Ink and Ashes): Claire Takata never Â knew her father. When she stumbles upon a basement full of clay pots inscribed with poems that he wrote detailing his daily life and his dedication to the abolishment of slavery worldwide, she discovers that there may be more to the Takata family than she realized.
Finding the Hula-Hoopinâ Queen (Finding the Music +The Hula-Hoopin’ Queen):Â Reyna and her best friend Kameeka love to go hoopinâ around their block. One day they receive a mysterious invitation to a hula-hoopinâ contest from none other than the Hula-Hoopinâ Queen. She leaves hints around the neighborhood so they can find her whereabouts.
Trail of Witches (Trail of the Dead + Hammer of Witches):Â Lozen flees with her family from a deadly hunter. She must pick her way across a hidden trail created by witches.
Parrots Over the Mudball (Parrots Over Puerto Rico + The Monster in the Mudball): Jin and Frankie are parrots living in the Puerto Rican rainforest. Their habitat is being destroyed by a mud ball monster and they donât know what to do! Then the mysterious Mizz Z appears and tellsÂ them she can help, but on one condition: they have to join her team, the PRPRP, and dedicate their life to conservancy and recovery efforts of the rainforest!
Summer of Galaxy Games (Summer of the Mariposas + The Galaxy Games)Â :Â Odilia and her sisters are swimming in the Rio Grande one afternoon when they chance upon a dead body. When they examine it closer, it turns out itâs a robot from another galaxy inviting them to go on a scavenger hunt across the universe.
Call Me Cat Girl (Call Me Tree + Cat Girl’s Day Off): Natalie Ng is your typical high schooler: she plays sports, has a close-knit group of friends, and loves pizza. One day, she decides to take a yoga class, only to discover that itâs in the middle of a forest. Full of cats. Natalie is weirded out and vows to never return, but she soon discovers that sheâs drawn to the class, as well as the cute yoga instructor who seems to have an uncanny ability to communicate with the catsâŠ
Monster in the Ashes ( TheÂ Monster in the Mudball + Ink and Ashes):Â On the anniversary of her fatherâs death Claire Takata discovers an urn with his ashes. A monster summoned by her fatherâs enemies, the Japanese mafia known as the yakuza, starts hunting her and her family. Claire has to figure out how to stop it before itâs too late. . .
How would you mash up your favorite book titles? Let us know in the comments!